Writing Atom Documents

Atom documents take a little more thought to create from scratch, because the Atom specification is more complicated (it's more than 50 pages long). Here are some of the differences between RSS 2.0 and Atom:

  • Atom items are called entries.

  • There's no <channel> tag (not really of any use anyway).

  • Use <id> tags instead of <guid> tags.

  • All elements are in the default Atom namespace.

  • Links should have rel, type, and href attributes.

Here's our sample RSS document translated into a valid Atom 1.0 document. Note the different elements compared with those in an RSS 2.0 document.

    <?xml version="1.0"?>       <feed xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom">         <title type="text">Steve's News</title>           <subtitle type="html">           News from Steve           </subtitle>           <updated>2005-09-01T18:00:00Z</updated>           <id>tag:example.org,2003:3</id>           <link rel="alternate" type="text/html"            hreflang="en" href="http://www.rssmaniac.com/steve"/>           <link rel="self" type="application/atom+xml"            href="http://www.rssmaniac.com/steve/news.xml"/>           <rights>Copyright 2006.</rights>           <entry>           <title>Steve shovels the snow</title>            <link rel="alternate" type="text/html"                      href="http://www.rssmaniac.com/steve"/>            <link rel="enclosure" type="audio/mpeg" length="353566"             href="http://rssmaniac.com/steve/snow.mp3"/>            <id>tag:example.org,2003:3.2397</id>           <updated>2005-09-01T18:00:00Z</updated>            <published>2005-09-01T16:00:00Z</published>            <author>            <name>Steve</name>             <uri>http://rssmaniac.com/steve</uri>             <email>steve@rssmaniac.com</email>            </author>            <contributor>            <name>Nancy</name>            </contributor>            <content type="xhtml"             xml:lang="en" xml:base="http://rssmaniac.com/">             <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">                It snowed once again. Time to shovel!              </div>            </content>          </entry>          </entry>        </feed> 

Atom feeds are somewhat more complex and longer than RSS 2.0 documents, but if you take a look at what's going on in our sample document, it should be understandableor at least familiar.

Secrets of RSS
Secrets of RSS
ISBN: 0321426223
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 110

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