Recipe 18.9 Extracting HTML from a URL


Problem

You need to extract all the HTML tags from a URL.

Solution

Use this simple HTML tag extractor.

Discussion

A simple HTML extractor can be made by reading a character at a time and looking for < and > tag delimiters. This is reasonably efficient if a BufferedReader is used.

The ReadTag program shown in Example 18-7 implements this; given a URL, it opens the file (similar to TextBrowser in Recipe 18.7) and extracts the HTML tags. Each tag is printed to the standard output.

Example 18-7. ReadTag.java
/** A simple but reusable HTML tag extractor.  */ public class ReadTag {     /** The URL that this ReadTag object is reading */     protected URL myURL = null;     /** The Reader for this object */     protected BufferedReader inrdr = null;        /* Simple main showing one way of using the ReadTag class. */     public static void main(String[] args) throws MalformedURLException, IOException {         if (args.length == 0) {             System.err.println("Usage: ReadTag URL [...]");             return;         }         for (int i=0; i<args.length; i++) {             ReadTag rt = new ReadTag(args[0]);             String tag;             while ((tag = rt.nextTag( )) != null) {                 System.out.println(tag);             }             rt.close( );         }     }        /** Construct a ReadTag given a URL String */     public ReadTag(String theURLString) throws              IOException, MalformedURLException {         this(new URL(theURLString));     }     /** Construct a ReadTag given a URL */     public ReadTag(URL theURL) throws IOException {         myURL = theURL;         // Open the URL for reading         inrdr = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(myURL.openStream( )));     }     /** Read the next tag.  */     public String nextTag( ) throws IOException {         int i;         while ((i = inrdr.read( )) != -1) {             char thisChar = (char)i;             if (thisChar == '<') {                 String tag = readTag( );                 return tag;             }         }         return null;     }     public void close( ) throws IOException {         inrdr.close( );     }     /** Read one tag. Adapted from code by Elliotte Rusty Harold */     protected String readTag( ) throws IOException {         StringBuffer theTag = new StringBuffer("<");         int i = '<';                while (i != '>' && (i = inrdr.read( )) != -1) {                 theTag.append((char)i);         }              return theTag.toString( );     }     /* Return a String representation of this object */     public String toString( ) {         return "ReadTag[" + myURL.toString( ) + "]";     } }

When I ran it on one system (apparently part-way through converting to modern lowercase HTML tags), I got the following output:

darian$ java ReadTag http://localhost/ <html> <head> <title> </title> </head> <FRAMESET BORDER="0" ROWS="110, *" FRAMESPACING="0"> <FRAME NAME="header" src="/books/2/213/1/html/2/header.html" SCROLLING="NO" MARGINHEIGHT="0"  FRAMEBORDER="0"> <FRAMESET COLS="130, *" FRAMESPACING="0"> <FRAME NAME="menu" src="/books/2/213/1/html/2/menu.html" SCROLLING="NO" MARGINHEIGHT="0" FRAMEBORDER="0"> <FRAME NAME="main" src="/books/2/213/1/html/2/main.html" MARGINHEIGHT="15" MARGINWIDTH="15" FRAMEBORDER="0"> </FRAMESET> </FRAMESET> </html> darian$



Java Cookbook
Java Cookbook, Second Edition
ISBN: 0596007019
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 409
Authors: Ian F Darwin

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