Lesson 8.7. Understanding Report Sections
Figure 8-15. A report's displayed in Design view.
Figure 8-16. Notice how the placement of the "Detail" and "Group Footer" text labels in different report sections affects how and where they appear in the report.
As if reports weren't confusing enough as a whole, Access breaks them up into separate parts called sections. Each section has its own specific purpose and always prints in the same order on a report. Take a look at Table 8-3 to familiarize yourself with these sections. If you've ever used a word-processing program to create a report for school or work, you're familiar with the section conceptyou can add headers and footers to your documents that contain such information as the report name or page number.
Double-click the rptAnnualSales report to open it in Print Preview.
A report's sections aren't as easy to see in Print Preview, but they're still there. Let's examine this report, from top to bottom...
First notice the "Annual Sales Report" title. In this report the title appears in the Report Header section, so it will appear at the top of the first page of the report.
Next take a look at the column headings ("Tour," "Date," etc.). These column headings are in the Page Header section and will appear on top of each page.
Next come the tour names, which appear in the Group Header section. You use group header and group footer sections to group related records together. Reports may have more than one group section to create subgroups.
Here's what the report's all about: the Detail section. The Detail section contains the actual records shown in the report.
After the Detail section come the report's footer sections. You don't need a guided tour of the report's footer sections, as they are really just the same as the report's header sections, only in reverse.
It's difficult to see and appreciate report sections in Print Preview, so let's move on to the next step and we'll get a "behind the scenes look" at the report.
Click the View button on the toolbar to switch to Design view.
Access displays the rptAnnualSales report in Design view, as shown in Figure 8-15. Now it's easy to see the report sectionswhat a difference a change in perspective makes! To better illustrate how information is displayed in report sections, we will add a couple of identifying text boxes to the report.
Click the Label button on the Toolbox.
The pointer changes to the label tool. Click and drag where you want the label.
Position the pointer in the far-left side of theDetail section (to the left of the Date field). Click and drag the text label and type Detail.
Since you added the text label to the report's Detail section, it will appear with each record. Move on to the next step and we'll add an identifying text label to another report section. It's often easier to copy an existing control and then modify it than it is to create a new control from scratch. Here's how to do it:
Select the Detail label, click the Copy button on the toolbar, click the TourName Footer section line and click the Paste button on the toolbar.
Access pastes the Detail label in the report's TourName Group Footer.
Change the copied label's text to Group Footer.
Let's see where these text labels will appear on the report.
Click the View button to switch to Print Preview.
Access displays the report in Print Preview, as shown in Figure 8-16.
Scroll down the report and notice where the Detail andGroup Footer labels appear. Close the report without saving your changes when you finish.
Table 8-3. Report Sections
Contains text that appears at the top of the first page of a report, such as the name of the report.
Contains text that appears at the top of each page of a report, such as the report's column headings.
Used to place text, such as a group name, at the beginning of each group of records.
Contains text and the actual fields that are displayed for each record. This would be equivalent to the main body in a word-processing document.
Used to place text and numeric summaries, such as totals or averages, at the end of each group of records.
Contains text that appears at the bottom of each page of a report, such as page numbers.
Contains text that appears at the end of the last page of a report. Often also contains numeric summaries for the report, such as a grand total.
TO RESIZE A REPORT SECTION:
DISPLAY THE REPORT IN DESIGN VIEW.
CLICK AND DRAG THE SECTION LINE UP OR DOWN.
UNDERSTANDING REPORT SECTIONS: