Who is in charge of creating the above standards? Anyone can participate—typically technology or service companies pay an annual membership, which enables them to sponsor employees to serve as experts on technical committees. Furthermore, the discussions of technical committees are usually publicly archived mailing lists. The following is a listing of the most prominent standards organizations doing work related to XML technologies:
World Wide Web Consortium (www.w3.org): Develops core Internet technologies to lead the Web to its full potential by means of specifications, guidelines, and reference implementations.
Web Service Interoperability Consortium (www.ws-i.org): An open industry organization chartered to promote Web services interoperability across platforms, operating systems, and programming languages.
Internet Engineering Task Force (www.ietf.org): The IETF is an international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers working to ensure stable and robust operation of future Internet architectures.
Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (www.oasis-open.org/): OASIS is a global consortium that drives the development, convergence, and adoption of e-business standards. Producing world-wide standards for security, Web services, XML conformance, business transactions, electronic publishing, and much more.
International Standards Organization (www.iso.org/): The ISO is the world’s largest network of national standards institutes consisting of international organizations, governments, industry, business, and consumer representatives. It works to promote the development of standardization and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services. It also aims to develop cooperation in the spheres of intellectual, scientific, technological, and economic activity.