Recipe 21.2 Configuring a DataSource in Tomcat


You want to configure a javax.sql.DataSource for use in a servlet with the Tomcat web container.


Create a resource element in Tomcat's server.xml file and an associated resource-ref element in the web.xml deployment descriptor.


Tomcat makes it easy to set up a connection pool so that servlets and JSPs can efficiently share database connections. In web sites that have many simultaneous users, a connection pool improves efficiency by sharing existing database connections, rather than creating a new connection and tearing it down every time an application has to use the database.

Another benefit of configuring a connection pool is that you can change the database system that a servlet or JSP is using without touching the Java code, because the database resource is configured outside of the servlet or JSP.

Here are the steps for configuring a DataSource with Tomcat:

  1. Create a Resource and a ResourceParams element in server.xml , or in the XML file that you have placed in Tomcat's webapps directory. These elements describe the JNDI object you are creating in order to provide your servlets or JSPs with a DataSource .

  2. Add a resource-ref element to web.xml , which allows the components in the associated web application to access the configured DataSource .

Example 21-2 shows the Resource and a ResourceParams elements in server.xml . This example describes a DataSource that connects with an Oracle 8 i database.

Example 21-2. The resource element in server.xml
 <Resource name="jdbc/oracle-8i-athletes" scope=   "Shareable" type="javax.sql.DataSource" auth=     "Container" description="Home Oracle 8i Personal Edition"/>     <ResourceParams name="jdbc/oracle-8i-athletes">       <parameter>           <name>driverClassName</name>           <value>oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver</value>       </parameter>       <parameter>           <name>url</name>           <value>jdbc:oracle:thin:@</value>       </parameter>           <parameter>           <name>username</name>           <value>scott</value>       </parameter>           <parameter>           <name>password</name>           <value>tiger</value>       </parameter> </ResourceParams> 

Create a Resource and ResourceParams element for each database that your application uses. Example 21-3 shows the resource-ref element associated with the Resource specified by Example 21-2.

Example 21-3. A resource-ref element specifies a DataSource in web.xml
 <!-- top of web.xml file --> <resource-ref>     <res-ref-name>jdbc/oracle-8i-athletes</res-ref-name>     <res-type>javax.sql.DataSource</res-type>     <res-auth>Container</res-auth> </resource-ref> <!-- rest of web.xml file --> 

The JNDI path to this DataSource , which you use in a JNDI lookup (see the next recipe), is jdbc/oracle-8i-athletes .

The servlet 2.4 API does not require the web.xml elements such as resource-ref to appear in a specific order. The servlet 2.3 API specifies the order these elements must appear in with a Document Type Definition (DTD). See Chapter 1.

See Also

The JDBC specification:; Recipe 21.3 on using a DataSource in a servlet with Tomcat; Recipe 21.4-Recipe 21.6 on configuring and using DataSources with servlets and JSPs on WebLogic; Recipe 21.7 and Recipe 21.8 on calling stored procedures from servlets and JSPs; Recipe 21.9 on converting a java.sql.ResultSet object to a javax.servlet.jsp.jstl.sql Result ; Recipe 21.10 and Recipe 21.11 on using transactions in servlets and JSPs; Recipe 21.12 on finding out information about a ResultSet .

Java Servlet & JSP Cookbook
Java Servlet & JSP Cookbook
ISBN: 0596005725
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 326

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