Recipe 16.2. Sending MIME Mail


16.2.1. Problem

You want to send MIME email. For example, you want to send multipart messages with both plain text and HTML portions and have MIME-aware mail readers automatically display the correct portion.

16.2.2. Solution

Use the Mail_mime class in PEAR:

require 'Mail.php'; require 'Mail/mime.php'; $to = 'adam@example.com, sklar@example.com'; $headers['From'] = 'webmaster@example.com'; $headers['Subject'] = 'New Version of PHP Released!'; // create MIME object $mime = new Mail_mime; // add body parts $text = 'Text version of email'; $mime->setTXTBody($text); $html = '<html><body>HTML version of email</body></html>'; $mime->setHTMLBody($html); $file = '/path/to/file.png'; $mime->addAttachment($file, 'image/png'); // get MIME formatted message headers and body $body = $mime->get(); $headers = $mime->headers($headers); $message =& Mail::factory('mail'); $message->send($to, $headers, $body);

16.2.3. Discussion

PEAR's Mail_mime class provides an object-oriented interface to all the behind-the-scenes details involved in creating an email message that contains both text and HTML parts. The class is similar to PEAR's Mail class, but instead of defining the body as a string of text, you create a Mail_mime object and call its methods to add parts to the body:

// create MIME object $mime = new Mail_mime; // add body parts $text = 'Text version of email'; $mime->setTXTBody($text); $html = '<html><body>HTML version of email</body></html>'; $mime->setHTMLBody($html); $file = '/path/to/file.txt'; $mime->addAttachment($file, 'text/plain'); // get MIME formatted message headers and body $body = $mime->get(); $headers = $mime->headers($headers); 

The Mail_mime::setTXTBody( ) and Mail_mime::setHTMLBody( ) methods add the plain text and HTML body parts, respectively. Here, we pass in variables, but you can also pass a filename for Mail_mime to read. To use this option, pass TRue as the second parameter:

$text = '/path/to/email.txt'; $mime->setTXTBody($text, true);

To add an attachment to the message, such as a graphic or an archive, call Mail_mime::addAttachment( ):

$file = '/path/to/file.png'; $mime->addAttachment($file,'image/png');

Pass the function to the location to the file and its MIME type.

Once the message is complete, do the final preparation and send it out:

// get MIME formatted message headers and body $body = $mime->get(); $headers = $mime->headers($headers); $message =& Mail::factory('mail'); $message->send($to, $headers, $body);

First, you have the Mail_mime object provide properly formatted headers and body. You then use the parent Mail class to format the message and send it out with Mail_mime::send( ) .

16.2.4. See Also

16.1 for sending regular email; 16.3 for more on retrieving mail; the PEAR Mail_Mime class at http://pear.php.net/package-info.php?package=Mail_Mime.




PHP Cookbook, 2nd Edition
PHP Cookbook: Solutions and Examples for PHP Programmers
ISBN: 0596101015
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 445

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