This chapter's introduction outlined the low-level access to the underlying operating system that C# exposes. To summarize this, consider the Main() function listing for determining whether execution is with a virtual computer (see Listing 17.20).

Listing 17.20. Designating a Block for Unsafe Code

        using System.Runtime.InteropServices;         class Program         {            unsafe static int Main(string[] args)            {                 // Assign redpill                 byte[] redpill = {                     0x0f, 0x01, 0x0d,       // asm SIDT instruction                     0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, // placeholder for an address                     0xc3};                  // asm return instruction                 unsafe                                          {                                                   fixed (byte* matrix = new byte[6],                         redpillPtr = redpill)                     {                         // Move the address of matrix immediately                         // following the SIDT instruction of memory.                         *(uint*)&redpillPtr[3] = (uint)&matrix[0];                         using (VirtualMemoryPtr codeBytesPtr =                             new VirtualMemoryPtr(redpill.Length))                         {                             Marshal.Copy(                                 redpill, 0,                                 codeBytesPtr, redpill.Length);                                MethodInvoker method =              (MethodInvoker)Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer(                                     codeBytesPtr, typeof(MethodInvoker));                                  method();                              }                              if (matrix[5] > 0xd0)                              {                                 Console.WriteLine("Inside Matrix!\n");                                 return 1;                              }                              else                              {                                 Console.WriteLine("Not in Matrix.\n");                                 return 0;                              }                       } // fixed                } // unsafe                                                    }       }

The results of Listing 17.20 appear in Output 17.5.

Output 17.5.

Inside Matrix!                            

In this case, you use a delegate to trigger execution of the assembler code. The delegate is declared as follows:

 delegate void MethodInvoker(); 

This book has demonstrated the power, flexibility, consistency, and fantastic structure of C#. This chapter demonstrated the ability, in spite of such high-level programming capabilities, to perform very low-level operations as well.

Before ending the book, the next chapter briefly describes the underlying execution platform and shifts the focus from the C# language to the broader platform in which C# programs execute.

Essential C# 2.0
Essential C# 2.0
ISBN: 0321150775
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2007
Pages: 185 © 2008-2017.
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