The ability to take advantage of the products of academic research lies in understanding the structure of academic research funding. Depending on whether the goal is to obtain a general introduction to a new technical area, to identify technologies that are close to commercialization, or to keep up with revolutionary new ideas, one can narrow the starting point for a search by identifying appropriate centers, groups, or individual
In a more active mode, industry can have a guiding and accelerating influence on the progress of academic research, either through participation in workshops and conferences that identify the critical barriers or through true research partnerships with academia, supporting not only the research but also the development of the students who will
Chapter 8. Understanding University Technology Transfer for Nanotechnology
Larry Gilbert and Michael Krieger
At first blush a straightforward process, commercializing the results of university research depends on many factors coming together "just right," and in a hospitable environment. Because the variability of the actors and elements in the process tends to dominate any idealized model of successful technology transfer, this article focuses the unique features of the
Universities are a wellspring of nanotechnology discovery, with the dominant portion supported by the federal government as it puts ever-increasing public funding into nanotechnology grant and contracts programs.
In contrast, corporate and other private developments are just thatprivate and substantially unavailable to entrepreneurs, investors, or others in the public. Combining this
The lab-to-market journeywhether involving
Three caveats are in order lest this process seem overly straightforward and easy to execute.
First, the sequence requires that all the actors involvedthe people, companies, and institutionspull together, that is, cooperate to a considerable degree to make the deal, as well as the technical development, commercially viable. Any significant aberration, such as unreasonable licensing terms, stands to break the chain of steps needed to bring the discovery to market, or perhaps even prevent making it to the patent office. Second, discoveries also advance from lab bench to market shelf in other ways, several of which are described later in this chapter.
Finally, and most fundamentally, we put "markets" in quotation marks because it implies and represents the common belief that an OTT's market push creates technology awareness, interest, and ultimately license deals. In our view, this almost universal faith is misplaced: Although "push" marketing is done almost
This chapter describes key facets, dimensions, and pitfalls of technology transfer that need to be