Downloading Web Sites with wget


Downloading Web Sites with wget

The wget utility allows you to download Web pagesand whole Web sitesto use offline. You just specify a URL and how many levels (links away from the starting page) you want to download, and let wget do its thing (as in Code Listing 12.4). Then you can use the Web pages when you're not connected to the Internet, like while on an airplane, in a hotel, or in a waiting room, for example.

Code Listing 12.4. You can use wget to download as much of the Web as you can handle.

jdoe /home/jdoe $ wget http://www.cnn.com/ -18:07:51-  http://www.cnn.com/       => 'index.html' Resolving www.cnn.com... don    e. Connecting to www.cnn.com[64.236.24.4]: 80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: unspecified [text/html]    [ <=>    ] 51,290 53.28K/s 18:07:53(53.28KB/s)-'index.html' saved [51290] jdoe /home/jdoe $ 

To Download Web Sites with wget:

1.

wget http://www.cnn.com/

At the shell prompt, type wget followed by the URL of a Web site or FTP site. Here, we're accessing the CNN Web site (Code Listing 12.4) and downloading the home page.

2.

Slurp!

3.

links index.html

Then use your favorite Web browser to check out your handiwork.

Tips

  • We recommend using a separate directory to contain the contents of different Web sites. Otherwise, wget will either rename files to avoid clobbering existing files (thus breaking links) or clobber existing files (thus making it highly likely that only the last Web site you downloaded will be complete. If you use wget with the x option (as in, wget -x http://www.example.com/), it'll do this automatically. See Chapter 2 for more on using directories.

  • wget --recursive --level=2 http://www.example.com/ lets you get several (two, in this case) levels of a Web site. Be careful, because it's easy to bite off more than you can chew. If you use wget -r http://www.example.com/, wget will try to recursively download the whole thing. We ended up with more than 20 MB from the first command on www.cnn.com.

  • wget also works for FTP sites. Just use wget ftp://ftp.example.com or wget jdoe:imAsecret@ftp.example.com if you need to specify a password.

    Check out the man page for wget (man wget) for more on the extensive options available.





Unix(c) Visual Quickstart Guide
UNIX, Third Edition
ISBN: 0321442458
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 251

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