Photoshop gives you two palettes that expand your capabilities for generating text above and beyond those readily available in the Tool palette. In these palettes you ll find controls for character and paragraph specifications and a
This palette consolidates all the character attributes into one floating palette. To access the Character palette (see Figure 8.13), you can either choose Window ’ Character or, with the Type tool selected, click the Palettes button in the Options bar.
Figure 8.13: The Character palette
For most changes to the Character palette settings, you can click the Commit (check mark) button at the right end of the Options bar to apply your edits or the Cancel button if you change your mind. For most settings, pressing Return/Enter, choosing another tool, or targeting another layer will commit your changes. You can
This setting is measured in thousandths of an em space. (An
is a standard for type measurement. The width of an em space depends on the size of the text; it s usually about the width of the letter
) The Metrics setting uses the font s default spacing. To kern manually, place your insertion point between the two characters and enter a value or choose a width from the list. Negative values decrease the spacing between
If you need to work with other units when setting type, enter the number and then the unit abbreviation or
Tracking This option is akin to kerning and is also measured in thousandths of an em space. To change tracking, highlight the text, and then enter a value or choose a width from the list. As with kerning, negative values decrease the space between characters, and positive values increase the space.
Leading This is measured in points from baseline to baseline. To change the leading, highlight the text, and then enter a value or choose one from the list.
Vertical/Horizontal Scale This is measured as a percentage of normal scale. To change the horizontal or vertical scale, highlight the text and enter a value.
Baseline Shift This is measured in points. To change the baseline shift, highlight the text, and then enter a value or choose one from the list.
These icons let you apply faux styles to your type. They include bold, italic, all caps, small caps, superscript, subscript, underline, and
Language You can choose a language for hyphenation and spelling conventions on selected characters.
Anti-Alias Redundant with the anti-alias option on the Options bar, this feature lets you choose an anti-alias method from the menu.
Click the arrow in the upper-right corner of the Character palette to access more commands and options for your type characters:
Faux Styles If you don t have a bold or italic type font, you can apply a faux style by choosing Faux Bold or Faux Italic.
Click on a case icon before typing: All Caps, Small Caps, Subscript, or Superscript. Or click on the icon after it has been entered by highlighting all or part of the text on a Type layer. This option is also available on the palette interface by clicking one of the icons. (Selecting Small Caps will have no effect on text that was originally typed as capital
Superscript, Subscript, Underline, and Strikethrough
These traditional type styles are repeated in the palette menu. Superscript and subscript characters are smaller and shifted above or below the text baseline, respectively. Underline places a line of corresponding weight
Standard Vertical Roman Alignment
Select the Standard Vertical Roman Alignment option to rotate a vertical character 90 degrees to be horizontal. This option is available only for vertical text;
Change Text Orientation This option changes all the text on a layer to a vertical orientation if the type is horizontal, or horizontal if the type is vertical.
System Layout This feature disables fractional-width spacing and the anti-aliasing option that might be applied to the text.
No Break Use No Break to prevent selected words from breaking at the end of lines, to preserve the intended meaning of these words.
The following features are only available on OpenType fonts as opposed to TrueType or PostScript Type One fonts) These items are will be grayed out unles your font supports them.
Old-Style Numerals If your font provides them, you can use old-style typographic numerals by choosing Old Style from the Character Palette menu.
Swash capitals originated during the Italian Renaissance as calligraphy and were adopted as letterforms in the early sixteenth century. Swash capitals are used for expressive passages of text, or for titles and signs. They add a touch of
Titling capitals are ornate, inline, white-
Open Type fonts sometimes offer more than one option for a
Ornaments Some typefaces have ornamental characters. This option enables you to choose them.
is a set of two characters that that
Discretionary Ligatures Discretionary ligatures are extra ligatures that aren t in widespread use, such as ¾ t. In order to use this feature, the font must support these ligatures.
Fractions This feature enables you to enter fractions if the font you are using supports them.
Reset Character Click this item to reset the Character palette to the defaults.
The Paragraph palette (see Figure 8.14) specifies options for an entire paragraph, which is defined by Photoshop as one or more characters followed by a hard return. Each line of text entered at a point is a separate paragraph because it s separated by a return. Photoshop won t wrap multiple lines in one paragraph unless you resize it with a bounding box.
Figure 8.14: The Paragraph palette
You can access the Paragraph palette by choosing Window ’ Paragraph. Or, with the Type tool selected, click the Palettes button on the Options bar and then click the Paragraph tab.
You can format a single paragraph, multiple paragraphs, or all paragraphs in a Type layer.
To Format This:
A single paragraph
Choose the Type tool and click between any two characters in a paragraph.
Select the Type tool and drag to highlight the text range of the paragraphs you want to select.
A Type layer
Target the Type layer that you want to affect in the Layers palette.
text to one edge or
text to both edges. You can align point text and paragraph text; you can justify paragraph and
To specify alignment for horizontally oriented text, click the Left Align, Center, or Right Align icons at the top of the Paragraph palette. For vertically aligned type, these become Top Align, Center, and Bottom Align.
In order to justify type, it has to be paragraph text (that is, in a bounding box) or path text (on a vector path or shape). When you choose a justification icon, the text is spread out so that both the left and right edges of the text align. The icons offer four options for aligning the last line of horizontally oriented type (Justify Last Left, Center, or Right, or Justify All) and, again, four options for vertically oriented type (Top, Center, Right, and Justify All).
An indent is the space between the text and the insertion point or the edge of the bounding box. You specify a paragraph indent by entering a value in the indention fields. You can specify a left, right, or first-line indent:
Indent Left Margin indents the whole paragraph from the left edge of the bounding box.
Indent Right Margin indents the whole paragraph from the right edge of the bounding box.
Indent First Line indents the first line of text in the paragraph relative to the left indent.
Enter a value in the Add Space Before Paragraph or Add Space After Paragraph fields to add space between paragraphs. The values entered will be the units specified in the Units & Rulers preferences (described in Chapter 4, Navigation: Know Where to Go ).
Click the arrow in the upper-right corner of the Paragraph palette to access commands that affect the punctuation, justification, hyphenation, and flow of the text.
This feature places the Paragraph Palette in the palette well for easy access.
The Roman Hanging Punctuation option enhances the alignment of text by placing punctuation marks outside the margin. You can affect the following punctuation marks when this option is active: periods, commas, single and double quotation marks,
To hang punctuation marks, choose Roman Hanging Punctuation from the Paragraph Palette pull-down menu.
Justification determines word- and
Figure 8.15: Use this dialog box to set justification options.
Justification options are applied to the entire paragraph. If you want to increase or decrease space for a few characters, use the Kerning or Tracking functions.
For the Word Spacing, Letter Spacing, and Glyph Spacing options, Photoshop will space text in order to stay between the Minimum and Maximum values, and will try to come as close to the Desired value as possible while balancing all the settings. The values you end up with are
Word Spacing specifies the amount of space between words when the spacebar is pressed. Values range from 0% to 1000%; at 100% no additional space is added to the default spacing of the specified font.
Letter Spacing determines the normal distance between letters, which includes kerning and tracking values. Values range from 0 to 500%; at 100% no additional space is added to the default spacing of the specified font.
Auto Leading is the normal distance between baselines of text ”120% of the font size by default; enter a different value if desired.
Preview lets you see the result of your specification in selected text before closing the dialog box.
Hyphenation options determine where a word breaks to be hyphenated. To activate automatic hyphenation, choose the
Words Longer Than specifies the minimum length, in letters, of a word to be hyphenated.
After First specifies the minimum number of letters at the beginning of a word before a hyphen.
Before Last specifies the minimum number of letters at the end of a word after a hyphen.
Hyphen Limit is the number of consecutive lines that can contain hyphens.
Hyphenation Zone is the distance at the end of a line of unjustified text that will cause a word break.
Hyphenate Capitalized Words does just that. Turn off this option to be sure headlines are not hyphenated. This works only with the Single-Line Composer.
Preview lets you see the result of your specifications on selected paragraphs before closing the dialog box.
Figure 8.16: The Hyphenation dialog box
Composing methods determine possible line breaks, based on the hyphenation and justification settings. There are two composition
The Single-Line Composer composes text one line at a time. The result is more consistent spacing within a line but less consistent spacing and hyphenation among multiple lines. This option is preferable if you want to manually compose your type.
The Every-Line Composer looks ahead five lines to determine the line breaks. The result is more consistent spacing and less hyphenation. The Every-Line Composer is selected by default.
Reset Paragraph sets the paragraph to its previously formatted state before attributes from the Paragraph palette are applied.
If you have the proper fonts installed, Photoshop can manage Chinese, Japanese, and Korean text. To access these options in the Character and Paragraph palettes, choose Edit (Windows) Photoshop (Macintosh) ’ Preferences ’ General ’ Show Asian Text Options.
The majority of Asian characters are
Figure 8.17: Specify a character width in the Tsume field.
system (also called
Spacing for Asian characters,
Mojikumi determines the composition of Japanese text, including character spacing between punctuation, symbols, and numbers, based on composition rules set forth in the Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS #4051).
Photoshop includes several mojikumi sets from which you can choose. They are accessible from the Paragraph palette s Mojikumi pop-up list.
You can choose different methods for processing line breaks. Kinsoku shori are characters that cannot begin or end a line, based on composition rules set forth in the Japanese Industrial Standards. Choose JIS Weak or JIS Maximum from the Kinsoku Shori pop-up list. Oidashi and oikomi are line-break rules as applied to kinsoku shori:
Oidashi is push-out line breaking, which increases the number of characters on a line by reducing the space between letters.
Oikomi is push-in line breaking, which decreases the number of characters on a line by increasing the space between letters.
You can choose either of these options from the Paragraph Palette pull-down menu. A check mark indicates which option is selected.
You can specify hanging punctuation in Asian text. Using hanging punctuation (called burasagari ) forces punctuation marks to be placed outside the indent margins and evens the edges of the paragraph. Choose Burasagari from the Paragraph Palette menu. If the check box is selected, it is active.