# Working with a Worksheet

### Working with a Worksheet

The next step is to enter some budget numbers into your worksheet. Later you can update the numbers you enter for practice with your own actual amounts. The budget worksheet should be open and visible on the screen from the previous exercise. Follow these steps to improve upon your worksheet:

1. Click in cell B4 and type the value 600 . When you're done typing, press the down-arrow key to move down to the next cell.

2. Type 278.30 and press the down-arrow key. Notice that the second number to the right of the decimal point is cut off.

3. Type 160 in cell B6, the cell that displays your Utility expense in January. Press the down-arrow key when you're done typing.

4. Instead of typing a number in the next cell, you're going to let Excel calculate your grocery expense. To let Excel know that you're going to perform a calculation, type an = sign and then type 135 , the plus sign ( + ), and the number 47.82 . Your cell entry should look like the following:

```=135+47.82
```

Take care not to enter any spaces between the numbers and the operators. Press the down arrow when you've checked your typing. The result of the simple calculation appears in the cell.

5. Move down to cell A11 and press Ctrl+:. The current date is displayed. Press Enter to enter the date into the cell.

### Copying from Cell to Cell

As with other Windows programs, Excel makes it easy to rearrange the data you enter in your worksheets. You can copy data from one place to another on the same worksheet or to other worksheets in the same workbook. You can even copy data from one workbook to another.

You can copy or cut data in Excel. If you choose to copy, a carbon-copy image of the data you copied is maintained on the Clipboard. If you cut data, the selection is actually removed from your worksheet (as if you'd cut it with sharp scissors).

Copying (and cutting) data is accomplished with the aid of a handy Windows utility called the Clipboard. Whenever you use the Copy or Cut command, the data is placed on the Windows Clipboard. The Clipboard is the intermediary in the copy or cut-and-paste operation. Data can be pasted into an Excel worksheet from the Clipboard one or multiple times. For example, you can copy your company logo, a paragraph, and a graphic to the Windows Clipboard for pasting into your corporate forms.

#### Selecting the Cells to Copy or Cut

You need to select the cell or cells that you want to copy or cut before you can send them to the Clipboard. Select a single cell by clicking it. If you want to select multiple cells in a rectangular block, click the first cell. Press and hold the Shift key and drag the mouse pointer over the block you want to copy. A black border appears around the block, and the cells inside appear colored, as shown in Figure 43.11. When all the cells that you want to copy are selected, release both the mouse button and the Shift key.

##### Figure 43.11. The cells are selected.

 The first cell in a block of selected cells might not appear colored or selected. However, if a black border surrounds the block, the first, nonhighlighted cell is included in the selection.

In Excel you can select multiple cells that are not located in a rectangular block. To select nontouching cells, hold down the Ctrl key as you click each cell that you want to copy. Each cell that you click appears highlighted. Release the Ctrl key when the cells you want to copy are selected.

Either way, click the Copy button or the Cut button on the Standard toolbar after the cells are selected. If you can't see the toolbar, or want to access the command from the menu instead, choose Edit, Copy or Edit, Cut. A marquee appears around the copied cells. If you're cutting the cells, they disappear from the worksheet.

#### Pasting the Copied or Cut Cells

Pasting the cells you copied or cut is a snap. Click the first cell where you want the new cells to appear. If you're pasting a block of cells, you do not have to highlight a rectangular block; Excel assumes that you want the cells to appear in the order and shape in which they were copied. Click the Paste button on the Standard toolbar or chose Edit, Paste. The cells appear in their new location.

Excel pastes data in four ways:

• One cell to one cell A single cell from the Clipboard is pasted to one cell.

• Multiple cells to one cell Multiple cells are pasted into a rectangular block of which only the first cell is selected.

• One cell to multiple cells A single cell from the Clipboard is pasted into a highlighted range of cells.

• Multiple cells to multiple cells The selection of cells from the Clipboard is pasted into a like- sized rectangular block.

If you've copied other data to the Clipboard from Excel or other programs during the current Windows session, the Clipboard toolbar appears.

#### Working with the Clipboard Toolbar

As you know from earlier chapters on other Office programs, the Office Clipboard toolbar, as shown in Figure 43.12, holds up to 12 of your copied selections. Office XP and later feature the Clipboard Task Pane that holds up to 24 items. The Clipboard toolbar appears and floats across your worksheet whenever you copy or cut more than one selection during your current Windows session.

##### Figure 43.12. The Clipboard toolbar holds your copy selections.

The Clipboard toolbar provides some wonderful advantages. Instead of having to paste the last data that you copied, you can pick and choose from previously copied data. However, the Clipboard toolbar stores only the last 12 items that you copied or cut doing the current Windows session. When you close Windows, the Clipboard is automatically cleared.

#### Drag It and Drop It

The drag-and-drop technique is a fast, easy way to copy or move data in the visible viewing area. First, select the cells you want to move or copy. When the cells appear highlighted, move the mouse pointer over the border of the selected cells. The mouse pointer takes the shape of an arrow.

If you want to copy the selected cells, press and hold the Ctrl key. (If you're moving the cells, you don't need to hold down any key.) Now click the mouse button and drag the border. As they're being dragged, an outline of the selected cells appears. When the data is located in the spot in which you want it to appear, release the mouse button. The data appears in the new location as shown in Figure 43.13. You'll see how to copy worksheet entries using the various copy techniques by following these steps:

1. Select cell B4 by clicking it. A border appears around the cell.

2. Hold down the Ctrl key and position the mouse pointer in the border of the cell. A small cross appears.

3. Using the Ctrl key, move the mouse pointer to the cell directly to the right (cell C4). You've just used the drag-and-drop method to copy from one cell to another.

4. With cell C4 selected, press Ctrl+C. This copies the data in cell C4 to the Clipboard.

5. Click cells D4 and E4. Both cells are highlighted, which tells Excel where you want to paste the data.

6. Press Ctrl+V. This pastes the data into the selected cells. You've just used the shortcut keys to copy and paste data from one cell to other cells.

7. Click cell B5 to select it. Point to the small square in the lower-right corner of that cell. Notice the mouse pointer changes to a cross, which is called the fill handle.

8. Drag the fill handle to cells C5, D5, and E5. Now you've used the fill handle method to copy data when cells are adjacent to one another.

9. Select cell B6 (January's Utilities amount) by clicking it and then click the Copy button on the Standard toolbar. A dotted marquee appears around cell B6. The data you selected has been copied to the Clipboard.

10. Click into cell C6 and select cells D6 and E6 by dragging the mouse. The three cells appear highlighted.

11. Click the Paste button on the Standard toolbar. The amount you copied to the Clipboard is copied to the cells you selected.