Memory, Performance, and Speed

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Memory, Performance, and Speed

Ruby suffers from the same speed impediment as the other languages in this bookbeing interpretive and-high level. Ruby's built-in profiler tool helps quite a bit when gauging performance by examining code snips and routines for slowdowns. The profiler can be called from the command line by adding r profile , or it can be used inside code by using require , like so:

 require "profile" 

The profile library will print a summary of the number of calls to each Ruby method in the given program and the time spent in each method. This is all printed to $ stdout .

Garbage Collection

Ruby has a mark and sweep garbage collection system. It periodically sweeps through dynamically allocated memory and reclaims it if it isn't in use. Ruby also provides a GC ( garbage collection ) module for interfacing the underlying garbage collection methods , which include

  • disable. Disables garbage collection.

  • enable. Enables garbage collection.

  • start. Initiates a garbage run (unless disabled).

  • garbage_collect. Starts garbage collector.


Finally, here are a number of tricks you can use to help speed up Ruby code:

Check the profiler to see where the code is bogging down.

Use the built-in GC to take control over garbage collection.

Initialize variables before they are used. Variables used within a block can be defined before the interpreter hits the block.

When iterating over a large set of elements, declare any iterator variables.

When returning variables from a block, have the variables pre- initialized so they aren't allocated on-the-fly .

Ruby supports both multiple threads and forks for creating sub-processes. Threads are implemented within the interpreter, and forks are invoked in the operating system. Either of these can be used for a speed hit in certain cases.

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Game Programming with Pyton, Lua and Ruby
Game Programming with Pyton, Lua and Ruby
Year: 2005
Pages: 133 © 2008-2017.
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