U.S. POPULATION GROWTH AND EMPLOYMENT TRENDS
The U.S. population is expected to increase by 24 million between the
2000–2010, a slightly faster rate of growth than between 1990–2000 but slower than from 1980–1990. Continued growth is good news for the IT industry, as it will mean more consumers of goods and services, spurring demand for workers in a wide range of occupations and industries driven by computer systems. The effects of population growth on various occupations will
. The differences are partially accounted for by the age distribution of the future population.
Population is the single most important factor in determining the
and composition of the labor force, which is comprised of people who are either working or looking for work. The civilian labor force is
to increase by 17 million, or 12 percent, to 158 million between 2000–2010.
Total employment is expected to increase from 146 million in 2000 to 168 million in 2010, a rate of 15.2 percent. The 22 million jobs that will be added by 2010 will not be evenly distributed across major industrial and occupational groups. Changes in consumer demand, technology, and many other factors will contribute to the continually changing employment structure in the U.S. economy.
Analysis of trends indicates that services and communications will be two sectors where the biggest expansion will occur, leading to many new jobs in both areas.
: This is the largest and
growing major industry
. It is expected to add 13.7 million new jobs by 2010, accounting for three out of every five new jobs created in the U.S. economy. Over two-
of this projected job growth is concentrated in three sectors of the service industry: business, health, and social services. Business services—including personnel supply services, and computer and IT processing services—will add 5.1 million jobs. However, employment in computer and data processing services—which provide prepackaged and specialized software, data, and computer systems design and management, and computer-
consulting services—is projected to grow by 86 percent between 2000 and 2010, ranking as the fastest growing industry in the economy. Health services—including home health care services,
, and offices of health
—will add 2.8 million new jobs, as demand for health care
due to an aging population and longer life expectancies.
: Employment in the communications sector is expected to increase by 16.9 percent, adding 277,000 jobs by 2010. Half of these new jobs—139,000—will be in the telephone communications industry; however, cable and other pay television will be the fastest growing segment of the sector over the next
, with employment expanding by 50.6 percent. Increased demand for residential and business wireless services, cable service, and high-speed Internet connections will fuel the growth in communications industries.
Figure 6.1 graphically illustrates the projected changes in employment trends. Services, which are
comprised of IT, will be the fastest growing industry in the United States.
Figure 6.1. The projected comparison of services industries and percentage changes in
/salaries. Note that the projected rate from 2000–2010 is not as great as the period from 1990–2000 in all sectors.
U.S. Department of Labor—Bureau of Labor Statistics