Part II: Working with Images
IN THIS PART:
Chapter 6. Creating, Opening, and Saving Images
IN THIS CHAPTER:
43 About the Editor
44 Create a New Image
45 About Editing Images
47 About Saving Images
48 Save an Image in Photoshop Format (PSD)
49 Save an Image in TIFF Format
50 Compress an Image Using GIF Format
51 Compress an Image Using JPEG Format
52 Save an Image in PNG Format
comes with many tools for creating and manipulating graphics. With its help, you can restore old photographs, insert your missing brother into a family photo, or create a Web page background. You can also make a few simple corrections to an image from within the
. Before you can perform any of this graphics wizardry however, you must first open the image you want to work on or tell the Editor you want to start from scratch on a new image. In the
43. About the Editor
1 About the Organizer
45 About Editing Images
As you probably know by now, Photoshop Elements is made up of two
At the right end of the menu bar, you'll find a Search box; type a word or phrase in this box and press Enter or click the Help Contents button (the question mark icon) to the left of the Search box to search the program's Help system. If you don't type anything in the Search box and press Enter or click the Help Contents button, you'll go directly to the home page in Help.
Open images are displayed in the work area in the middle of the window. You can have as many
Parts of the Editor work area.
To the right of the
box, you'll find some buttons that control how images are displayed. When you see two buttons here, you're in what Adobe calls
, which enables you to display multiple image in the work area. In this mode, the first button,
Automatically Tile Windows
, causes newly opened images to be automatically arranged with already open images in a tiled formation. With this button engaged, if you open a new image, it is automatically tiled with other open images. To have Adobe stop tiling image windows, resize any window to some other size, click the
Automatically Tile Windows
button again to
When you click the Maximize Mode button, four buttons appear to the right of the Search box: Automatically Tile Windows, Minimize, Multi-window Mode , and Close. When you open an image while in Maximize mode, the Editor displays that image as fully as possible within the limits of the work area. If an image is open when you change to Maximize mode, its size is not changed, but you can resize it to take up more space in the work area if you want. While in Maximize mode, you can display only one image in the work area at a time. Change from one open image to another by clicking its thumbnail in the Photo Bin at the bottom of the work area. You can minimize the image window (returning it to the Photo Bin ) by clicking its Minimize button. This, in turn, maximizes the previously active image window, or clears the work area if no other images are open. Close the image window by clicking its Close button. Return to Multi-window mode by clicking the Multi-window Mode button; click Automatically Tile Windows button to return to Multi-window mode, but with automatic tiling active.
There are other ways to adjust your view of an image. For example, you can zoom in or out, and display an image onscreen in the same size it will appear when printed. See 55 Zoom In and Out with the Zoom Tool and 56 Zoom In and Out with the Navigator Palette for help. You can zoom all images to the same level as the active image (regardless of whether you're in Multi-window mode or Maximize mode) by choosing Window, Images, Match Zoom . To have all images match the area you're zoomed in on in the active image window, choose Window, Images, Match Location . These modes are helpful if you have several open photos that were taken at close to the same timesuch as several portraits of the same family memberwhere you need to compare the same detail in each image side-by-side.
Use the Shortcuts Bar
Below the menu bar is the
bar, which contains buttons for the most common commands such as opening, saving, and printing an image. Buttons with a sweeping right arrow on the left, such as the
buttons, will launch the
so that you can complete the selected action, such as locating an image based on the date on which it was taken. To identify a particular button, hover the mouse pointer over the button and a tooltip appears, displaying the button's
The Shortcuts bar provides fast access to common commands.
Use the Toolbox and Options Bar
, located along the left side of the window, is the
's equivalent of a caddy on your desk where you keep all your brushes, pens,
You can move the
into the work area if that makes it more
The Toolbox contains tools you can use to edit images.
After you select a tool, its available options appear on the
bar, located just under the
bar. You'll learn how to use the tools in the
and to set options in upcoming
On the right side of the
window, you'll see the
, which contains a collection of
. By default, three palettes are displayed in the
palette (which contains step-by-step instructions for completing common image modifications), the
Styles and Effects
palette (which displays
representing special modifications you can apply to an image), and the
The More button provides access to commands other than Place in Palette Bin . Click the More button and select XXX Help (where XXX is the name of the palette) to get help working with a particular palette. Choose Help Contents to display the Help Contents page instead. Other commands on the More menu enable you to set options related to that particular palette.
You can group palettes together in a
You can dock multiple palettes together, creating mini-Palette Bins. These docked palettes can be moved, hidden, redisplayed, and closed with a single click. To dock a palette with another, drag the palette by its tab to the bottom edge of another palette. A double line appears along this bottom edge; release the mouse button to dock the palette. Click the Minimize button to roll up this floating bin, or click the Close button to remove it from the screen.
You'll learn more about the individual palettes throughout this book. For now, here is a brief description of the remaining palettes:
Use the Photo Bin
Under the work area you'll find the
. This bin displays a
for every open image. You can use the bin to switch from one image to another quickly: Just click the thumbnail of the image you want to work on. You'll find this method of switching from one image to another
The Photo Bin provides quick access to open images.
To see the filename for a single thumbnail in the Photo Bin , hold the pointer over that thumbnail; the tooltip shows the filename. To display a filename under each thumbnail, right-click an empty space in the Photo Bin and select Show Filenames from the context menu.
If you want to maximize your work area, you can hide the Photo Bin when not in use by clicking the Close Photo Bin button, located at the left end of the status bar. Redisplay the bin by clicking this button again. To hide the bin automatically when not in use, right-click an empty space in the Photo Bin and select Auto Hide from the context menu. As soon as you activate an image window or if nothing happens in the work area for a few seconds, the bin automatically disappears; to redisplay it, simply move the mouse pointer towards the bottom of the work area.
Use the Rulers and Grid
Occasionally, you might want to turn on several tools to guide you as you make precise adjustments to an image. For example, when drawing objects of a specific size, you might want to display the ruler (choose View, Rulers ). A vertical ruler appears along the left edge of each image window, and a horizontal ruler appears along the top edge. Using the ruler, you can make more precise selections with any of the Selection tools, create objects of an exact size and position, and position type more exactly. As you move the mouse pointer over the image, hash marks appear on the rulers to indicate the pointer's exact position.
Use the rulers and the grid to help you make precise changes to an image.
If you want to measure from some point on an image, you can adjust the
. Normally, zero is located in the upper-left corner of an image; to move the zero origin, click at the intersection of the two rulers (in the upper-left corner of the image window) and drag downwards and to the right, to the point on the image from which you want to measure. Cross-hairs appear as you drag to help you precisely position the zero origin. Release the mouse button to set the zero origin. To reset the rulers so that the zero origin is once again in the
Another useful tool for aligning objects
Use the How To Palette
guides you step by step through some of the more common image editing tasks, such as cropping photos and removing dust and scratches. To display the
Window, How To
palette works like a small Web page, complete with
The How To palette guides you through common tasks.