The Unix/Linux password file is covered in Chapter 38, "Managing Unix and Linux Users."
And if you are using NetWare 5.x or 6.x, the Native File Access Pack feature enables Unix, Windows, and Macintosh
NetWare, particularly the 4.x and higher versions that support directory services, keeps track of a lot more information for a user account than is done on Unix/Linux systems that use just the /etc/passwrd file. Because of this, and the simplicity of the /etc/passwrd file, you won't have to do a lot of work to create new user accounts on the Linux system. However, you might find that the trade-off is that you need to examine security (file permissions, for example) and other aspects of your Unix/Linux system to ensure that your users are afforded the same access.
The TCP/IP protocol is the standard used on the Internet and most LANs. It has become increasingly popular for use in all kinds of networks in just the past few
NetWare's legacy protocols (IPX/SPX) aren't used a lot anymore, since NetWare adopted TCP/IP a few years ago. Unless you have an older version of NetWare that still uses IPX/SPX, it would be a good idea to upgrade the NetWare servers to at least version 5.0, which does support IP.
Unfortunately, if you have a large investment in application software that was written (or compiled) for a Windows platform or NetWare's native servers, you will need to purchase new versions of your existing software or purchase new software. If you have internally developed applications for which you have the source code, you might need to make only minor changes and recompile the source code on a Unix/Linux system. The C language (and its descendants) is the programming language of choice for Unix/Linux, so if your in-house applications were written in C, this task may be somewhat easier.
Many major as well as second-
One of the factors helping to fuel the popularity of Linux is Sun's StarOffice, an integrated office suite designed to provide much of the functionality of Microsoft Office at a fraction of the price. With each new release (StarOffice is now at version 8 or above), compatibility with Microsoft Office has improved, and StarOffice now also supports the OASIS OpenDocument format.
The Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) is an international non-profit consortium that develops e-business standards, including OpenDocument, XML Catalogs, and many others. The OASIS Web site is located at
StarOffice has an open-source sibling, OpenOffice 2.0. OpenOffice is available as a free download and offers features similar to those in recent versions of StarOffice, including OASIS OpenDocument compatibility.
Learn more about StarOffice from the official Sun StarOffice Web site at www.sun.com/software/star/staroffice/index.jsp .
Learn more about OpenOffice and download it from the OpenOffice Web site at www.openoffice.org .
StarOffice is available for the following platforms:
OpenOffice supports the following platforms:
The applications provided with Sun's StarOffice include the following (* feature is also available in OpenOffice 2.0):
As you can see, StarOffice offers just about the same applications as Microsoft Office. Because of its price and availability on multiple platforms, you might find integrating Linux into an existing Windows environment to be less costly than you had originally anticipated. Or, if you do have a Linux desktop computer, StarOffice is easier to use than many Unix or Linux utilities that provide similar functionality.
OpenOffice is available in several languages, and you'll even find a version for Windows. So you can run the same office suite for Unix/Linux users as well as for Windows
If you already have a large investment in Microsoft applications, you can use one of the alternatives to StarOffice or OpenOffice. You can purchase software that emulates Windows and runs some of those applications on a Linux computer.
For example, a company called CodeWeavers ( www.codeweavers.com ) sells a product called CrossOver Office, available in Standard and Professional editions. A Server edition is available for running office-productivity programs on Linux or Solaris thin clients.
You can download an evaluation copy from its Web site before you decide to make a purchase. If you decide that this product works well on your Linux computers, you'll find that it is very inexpensive: just under $40 for Standard, and just under $70 for Professional. Although CrossOver Office doesn't run every Windows application, CodeWeavers is working to add additional applications. Some of the Windows applications depend on the version of the product you buy. The following applications that were written for Windows 98, Windows 2000, and Windows XP using CrossOver Office include:
In addition, some non-Microsoft products are also supported:
At the CodeWeavers Web site you can also find a list of applications that can be run, but may encounter a few
The CodeWeavers Web site lists applications that are expected to work, and those that have been tested.