CONCLUSION


CONCLUSION

Cooperative telemedical informatics will have a direct impact on the rapidly changing scene of information and communication technology (including advanced communication systems) and will provide for greater interaction among doctors , radiologists, and health-care professionals to integrate information quickly and efficiently and make effective decisions at all levels. Some important pilot studies have already taken place in India recently in Apollo hospitals for emergency consultations and remote health care in Indian villages using satellite links (Ganapathy, 2001).Virtual e- hospitals will be a reality in the near future, providing much needed health care that is of great benefit to the human society. Telemedical informatics offers exciting possibilities and is a vastly expanding area of research. For those interested in current developments in these areas in the United States (National Library of Medicine, http://www.nlm.nih.gov/reserch/telemedicinit.html; University of Iowa, Virtual Hospital, http://www.vh.org/index.html) and Australia (CSIRO), reference may be made to several journals in the telemedicine area and also the Web sites provided at the end of this chapter.



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors thank the reviewers for providing valuable suggestions in revising this chapter.



REFERENCES

Alfano, M. ( 1997 ). User requirements and resource control for cooperative multimedia applications . In Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 1242. Multimedia applications, services and techniques ( pp. 537 ‚ 553 ). New York : Springer-Verlag .

Bates, R. J. ( 1994 ). Wireless networked communications . New York : McGraw-Hill .

Chan, F. Y., et al. ( 2000 ). Clinical value of real-time tertiary foetal ultrasound consultation by telemedicine . Telemedicine Journal , 6 , 237 ‚ 242 .

Coiera, E. ( 1997 ). Guide to medical informatics, the Internet and telemedicine . London : Chapman & Hall .

Flanagan, D. ( 1996 ). Java in a nutshell . Sebastapol : O'Reilly .

Fogle, D. ( 1995, September ). Room to roam . LAN Magazine , 123 ‚ 127 .

Ganapathy, K. ( 2001, November ). Telemedicine in action ‚ The Apollo experience . Proceedings of the International Conferenceon Medical Informatics .

Ganguly, P., & Ray, P. ( 2000 ). A methodology for the development of software agent based interoperable systems: A tele-electrocardiography perspective . Telemedicine Journal , 6 , 283 ‚ 294 .

Gogolla, M., & Kobryn, C. ( 2001 ). <<UML>> 2001 . In Lecture notes in computer science : Vol. 2185 . New York : Springer-Verlag .

Gomez, E. J., et al. ( 1997 ). The Bonaparte telemedicine ATM multimedia applications . In Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 1242. Multimedia applications, services and techniques ( pp. 693 ‚ 708 ). New York : Springer-Verlag .

Hamilton, M. A. ( 1996 ). Java and the shift to Net-centric computing . IEEE Computer , 29 ( 8 ), 40 ‚ 46 .

Hatfield, D. N. ( 1996 ). The technology basis for wireless communication . Telecommunications , 30 ( 11 ), 56 ‚ 60 .

Henricksen, K., et al. ( 2002 ). Modeling context information in pervasive computing systems . In Lecture notes in computer science : Vol. 2414 ( pp. 167 ‚ 180 ). New York : Springer-Verlag .

Imielinski, T., & Badrinath, B. R. ( 1994 ). Mobile wireless computing . Communications of the ACM , 37 ( 10 ), 18 ‚ 29 .

Jameson, D. G., et al. ( 1996 ). Broad band telemedicine: Teaching on the information Superhighway . Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare , 1 , 111 ‚ 116 .

Kim, S. S., & Hwang, D.-J. ( 2001 ). An algorithm for formation and confirmation of password for paid members on the Internet-based telemedicine . In Lecture notes in computer science : Vol. 2105 ( pp. 333 ‚ 340 ). New York : Springer-Verlag .

Kleinholz, L., et al. ( 1994, Winter ). Supporting cooperative medicine . IEEE Multimedia , 44 ‚ 53 .

Kramer, R. ( 1998 ). iContract ‚ The Java design by contract tool . 26th Conference on Technology of Object-Oriented Systems (TOOLS USA'98) .

Krishnamurthy, E. V., & Murthy, V. K. ( 1992 ). Transaction processing systems . New York .

Lauterbach, Th., et al. ( 1997 ). Using DAB and GSM to provide interactive multimedia services to portable and mobile terminals . In Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 1242. Multimedia applications, services and techniques ( pp. 593 ‚ 609 ). New York : Springer-Verlag .

Lee, K.-M. ( 2001 ). Image-guided telemedicine system via the Internet . In Lecture notes in computer science : Vol. 2105 ( pp. 323 ‚ 333 ). New York : Springer-Verlag .

MacKenzie, S., & Jusoh, S. ( 2001 ). An evaluation of two input devices for remote sensing . In Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 2254. Engineering for human-computer interaction ( pp. 235 ‚ 250 ). New York : Springer-Verlag .

Mathew, T. L., et al. ( 1999 ). Modern technologies for biomedical information handling . New Delhi, India : Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences .

Mattern, F., & Naghshineh, M. ( 2002 ). Pervasive 2002 . In Lecture notes in computer science : Vol. 2414 . New York : Springer-Verlag .

Nanavati, S., et al. ( 2002 ). Biometrics . New York : Wiley .

O'Hare, G., & O'Grady, M. ( 2002 ). Addressing mobile HCI needs through agents . In Lecture notes in computer sscience : Vol. 2002 ( pp. 311 ‚ 314 ). New York : Springer-Verlag .

Pham, B., & Yearwood, J. ( 2000 ). Delivery and interactive processing of visual data for cooperative telemedicine environment . Telemedicine Journal , 6 , 261 ‚ 268 .

Roth, J. ( 2001 ). Information sharing with hand-held appliance . In Lecture notes in computer science: Vol. 2254. Engineering for human-computer interaction ( pp. 263 ‚ 279 ). New York : Springer-Verlag .

Warmer, J., & Kleppe, A. ( 1999 ). The Object Constraint Language . Reading, MA : Addison-Wesley .

Wilson, L. S., et al. ( 2000 ). Building hospitals without walls: A CSIRO home telecare initiative . Telemedicine Journal , 6 , 275 ‚ 281 .

Wong, W. ( 1995, July ). Light moves . LAN Magazine , 123 ‚ 127 .

Yearwood, J., & Pham, B. ( 2000 ). Case-based support in a cooperative medical diagnosis environment . Telemedicine Journal , 6 , 243 ‚ 250 .

Yourdon, E. ( 1996 ). Java, the Web and software development . IEEE Computer , 29 ( 8 ), 25 ‚ 39 .