There are several
Another method of design is called Object Oriented Design . This method began in the 80's. It is used in C++, Java and C#. This method of design will also be studied.
With the introduction of Windows another method of design was created:
While it is true that some of the languages you may encounter will have nonstructural constructs, you should learn these techniques because you will find that when used properly, they improve your software development and when it becomes necessary to
In some companies one or more of the 5-phases or
The greater the risk of the system failing the greater the need for in depth analysis, design and formal documentation.
Another modification of the 5-phases being used is called "off shoring". In this approach, the coding phase is jobbed out to a programming company frequently in another country. This approach sometimes
When the project is off shored, then the specifications and the design documents need to be more detailed to ensure that the off shore members of the team understand the project. This requirement can add to the cost of the project because those who are involved at this level of the project cost more than at the lower levels of the project. Because of the need for this additional
Instead of either programming in house or off shoring, some companies consider buying off the shelf software. Reasons for considering this approach are that the analysis and design needs are expected to be less. However in some cases this is not true.
Each of the five phases should be documented. The types of documentation used for each phase is specific to that particular phase. Some authors call the last phase of software development the documentation phase where all of the documentation is brought together. In some companies there is even a company program documentation librarian to keep track of all of the program documents.
While these notes shall discuss only the 5 phases for software development , the actual number of phases of program development is more than five.
There is a phase called: System Analysis Phase that considers the analysis of the whole system including the human and the hardware parts of the system. This phase is in addition to the pure software approach that will be considered in this lecture. In this lecture the design view will be only that of the software.
Further, there is another software phase that will not be considered in this lecture and it is called the Deployment Phase . This phase considers the implications and the process of the deployment of the software including the training of the users, development of a user's manual and even the development of a help center.
The data stored in the computer systems that you will work on should be considered as company assets. As such, they should be
As stated above, there may be additional phases or steps that your project will pass through depending on the company you work for. You should consider taking additional courses that concentrate on the other phases of program development.