Index_M

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M

Main board. See motherboards

Malware, 60

MAP command, 327–328

Master boot record (MBR), 120–121, 306, 326

Mats, anti-static (ESD), 5

MBR (master boot record), 120–121, 306, 326

McAfee Clinic (McAfee), 234–235

McAfee® Virus Scan® (McAfee), 60

MD command, 307, 328

Memory

BIOS settings, 14, 113

cache memory, 82, 119

CAS latency, 103

compatibility, 105, 110

computer reports wrong amount of, 106–107

defined and described, 101

determining amount installed, 105–106

DIMMs, 64–65, 102–103, 108

ECC vs. parity, 102

error detection, 102

error messages, 110–111

evaluating need for, 102–103

flash memory cards, 139

installing, 107–110

manufacturers of, 105

motherboard compatibility and, 102, 110

in notebooks or laptops, 108, 109

optimal amount of, 104–105

out-of-memory messages, 111

physical module size and pin layout, 102–103

quality of, 102

quantity of, 101–102, 105–106

RAM (random access memory), 102

resolving problems, 112

Serial Presence Detect (SPD), 103, 111

single- vs. double-sided modules, 103

speed and, 102

sticks, 110

system tray and resources, 48–49

testing hardware, 111–112

testing software, 112

troubleshooting, 106–107, 110–112

types of, 102, 103

video memory, 161, 163–164

virtual memory, 45, 104–105

see also performance

Memory.dmp files, 26–27

Memtest86, 112

Mice

ball (mechanical) mice, 185

cleaning, 189–190

Control Panel Mouse applet, 186

detection types, 185

features of, 185

installing, 187

jerky pointers, 189–190

laptops or notebooks and, 184

mouse interfaces, 184–185

optical mice, 185

PS/2 mice, 184

removing, 187

scroll wheels on, 185

serial mice, 184

three-button mice, 191

USB mice, 184–185

wireless mice, 185

Microdrives, 139

Microphone input, 171

Micro-Scope testing kits, 112, 134, 236, 243

Microsoft Management Console, 308

MKDIR command, 307, 328

MMC command, 308

Model numbers, locating, 75

Modems

AOL connection problems and, 229

as built-in components, 71–72

cable and DSL modems, 180

cables, 179

data transfer speed, 220–221

defined and described, 4, 173

diagnosing problems, 176–179

error messages, 176, 179

faxing and voice capability, 175

installing, 176

internal vs. external, 173–174

Internet connection troubleshooting, 200–202

for laptops or notebooks, 179

modem risers, 72

PBX phone lines and, 179

Phone and Modem applet of Windows Control Panel, 209–210

ports for, 176

Query Modem button, 177

removing, 176

selecting a modem, 175–176

serial ports and, 174

sound card/modem combinations, 180

speed, 175

Monitors

brightness of, 265

defined and described, 4

dot pitch settings, 169

flat-panel monitors, 165

installing, 170

multiple-monitor setups, 160–161

refresh rates, 168–169

selecting, 169

settings for, 168–170

testing displays, 170

MORE command, 308–309, 328

Motherboards

AGP slots, 65–66

batteries for, 76–77

BIOS overview, 77–80

built-in components, 71–72

chipsets and, 63

common components, 64–69

CPU compatibility, 80

defined and described, 3, 63

diagnosing problems, 76–77

DIP switch and jumper settings, 74, 76

disk drive connectors, 68, 70

DVO connectors, 66

expansion slots, 66–68, 87

form factors, 64

hard drives and, 124–125

header connectors, 69

identification of, 69–71

installation of, 73–75

jumpers, 84

memory compatibility and, 102, 111

memory slots, 64–65

ports, 69

power connectors, 68, 70

quality of, 71

removal of, 73

setting methods on, 84

setup for, 74

video and, 160–161, 164

Mouse connectors, 90

Mouse pointer that won't move, 40, 110, 190, 242

MOVE command, 309–310

MSConfig applet (98, Me, and XP), 50–51

MS DOS, 55–58

Multitesters, 5

My Computer command, 123



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PC Repair and Maintenance(c) A Practical Guide
PC Repair and Maintenance: A Practical Guide (Charles River Media Networking/Security)
ISBN: 1584502665
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 175

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