Viewing File Beginnings with head


Viewing File Beginnings with head

Using head, as shown in Code Listing 6.3, you can find out in a jiffy what's in a file by viewing the top few lines. This is particularly handy when you're browsing file listings or trying to find a specific file among several others with similar content.

Code Listing 6.3. Use head to look at just the top of a file, which gives you a manageable view of the file.

[ejr@hobbes manipulate]$ head honeydo Take garbage out Clean litter box Clean diaper pails Clean litter box Mow lawn Edge lawn Clean litter box Polish swamp cooler Buff garage floor Clean litter box [ejr@hobbes manipulate]$ 

To view file beginnings with head:

  • head honeydo

    At the shell prompt, type head followed by the filename. As Code Listing 6.3 shows, you'll see the first ten lines on the screen. Notice that "lines" are defined by hard returns, so a line could, in some cases, wrap to many screen lines.

To view a specified number of lines:

  • head -20 honeydo

    Add -20 (or whatever number of lines you want to view) to view a specific number of lines.

To view the beginnings of multiple files:

  • head honey* | more

    You can view the tops of multiple files by piping head (plus the filenames) to more. Note that head conveniently tells you the filename of each file, as shown in Code Listing 6.4.

Code Listing 6.4. head, with the help of more, lets you see the beginnings of several files in sequence.

[ejr@hobbes manipulate]$ headhoney*|more ==> honeyconsider <== Mother-in-law visits next week Cat mess in hall to clean up Cat mess in entry to clean up Cat mess in living room to clean up Toddler mess in family room to clean up Cat and toddler mess in den to clean up IRS called again today Neighbors on both sides looking for donations         for the annual fund drive Boss called last Friday and said it's urgent ==> honeydo <== Take garbage out Clean litter box Clean diaper pails Clean litter box Mow lawn Edge lawn Clean litter box Polish swamp cooler Buff garage floor 




Unix(c) Visual Quickstart Guide
UNIX, Third Edition
ISBN: 0321442458
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 251

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