What is project scope management?

Project scope management is the process of determining what work is required to meet the project's objectives, together with the process of controlling the scope of the project. Any planning or work activity not focused towards completing the specified project objective is wasteful and should not be undertaken. Nearly two-thirds of projects are unsuccessful due to difficulties experienced in trying to control the project's deliverables, schedule and budget; therefore the need to manage and control scope is vital to give the project manager a chance of meeting the approved objectives and achieving a successful project.

PMI says

Scope

'Scope. The sum of the products, services, and results to be provided by a project. ...' PMBOK Guide (p.375)


PMI says

Project scope management

'Project Scope Management includes the processes required to ensure that the project includes all the work required, and only the work required, to complete the project successfully. Project scope management is primarily concerned with defining and controlling what is and is not included in the project. ...' PMBOK Guide (p.370)


There are five process groups within project scope management (Table 5.1). These fall in either planning or monitoring and controlling. Scope is a fundamental question in initiating, but there is no process group there because initiation is where the question of scope first arises, and the process group for creating a preliminary scope statement is better classified as integration, rather than managing scope. Once the scope has been defined, albeit roughly and in 'strawman' form, then it can be managed, which is what this chapter is about.

Table 5.1. Five project scope management processes
Process Group
Initiating Planning Executing Monitoring and controlling Closing
  1 Scope planning   4 Scope verification  
  2 Scope definition   5 Scope control  
  3 Create WBS      


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Definitive Guide to Project Management. The Fast Track to Getting the Job Done on Time and on Budget
The Definitive Guide to Project Management: The fast track to getting the job done on time and on budget (2nd Edition)
ISBN: 0273710974
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2007
Pages: 217
Authors: Sebastian Nokes
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