Chapter 3. Project management processes

3. Project management processes

Process groups rationale and general principles

The initiating process group

The planning process group

The executing process group

The monitoring and controlling process group

The closing process group

Aims of this chapter

This chapter introduces the concept of process groups for project management and then describes each one in detail. The previous chapter described project lifecycles, and it is vital to understand the difference between process groups and the phases in a lifecycle. By the end of this chapter, the reader should be able to:

  • list the five project management processes in sequence;

  • state the principal outputs of each process group;

  • describe the purpose of each of the process groups;

  • use some of the key tools in each process group.

PMI says

Project process groups

'Project Process Groups. The five process groups required for any project that have clear dependencies and that are required to be performed in the same sequence for each project, independent of the application area or the specifics of the applied project life cycle. The process groups are (1) initiating, (2) planning, (3) executing, (4) monitoring and controlling, and (5) closing.' PMBOK Guide (p.370) [numbering of groups added]


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Definitive Guide to Project Management. The Fast Track to Getting the Job Done on Time and on Budget
The Definitive Guide to Project Management: The fast track to getting the job done on time and on budget (2nd Edition)
ISBN: 0273710974
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2007
Pages: 217
Authors: Sebastian Nokes
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