Professor Jay W. Lorsch, Harvard Business School, personal correspondence, June 2004.
This distinction is nothing to do with process industries, such as oil and gas. An oil exploration company, although categorized as being in a process industry, can be a projectized company nonetheless. To see why, read on.
BSI (March 2000), British Standard BS 6079-2:2000. Project Management Part 2: Vocabulary. Third Edition. London: BSI.
See, for example, Jackson, Joab. 'Pentagon backs spiral development', Washington Technology, Issue 06/09/03, Vol. 18, No. 5.
'The publication of Department of Defense (DoD) Directive 5000.1 and DoD 5000.2 established a preference for the use of evolutionary acquisition strategies relying on a spiral development process', Cross Talk The Journal of Defense Software Engineering, August 2002.
Hammer, Michael. 'Re-engineering work: don't automate, obliterate'. Harvard Business Review, July August 1990. Since this initial milestone article, many feel that Hammer has softened his stance on the 'obliterate' injunction in the title.