Windows 2000, like most other Windows operating systems, provides support for the TCP/IP protocol suite in the form of a single component that you can install from the Windows Control Panel. This one component installs all of the basic protocols needed to transmit data across the network, including the Internet Protocol (IP), the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), and the User Datagram Protocol (UDP). Microsoft's TCP/IP client also provides support for ancillary protocols, such as the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) and the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) and includes Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), Domain Name System (DNS), and Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) clients. In addition, the Microsoft TCP/IP stack includes utilities such as ARP.EXE, ROUTE.EXE, PING.EXE, and TRACERT.EXE as well as File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and Telnet client programs.
For more information about the protocols that make up the TCP/IP suite, see Lesson 1: TCP/IP Protocols, in Chapter 8, "TCP/IP Fundamentals." For more information about the various TCP/IP client services and utilities, see Chapter 10, "TCP/IP Applications."
After this lesson, you will be able to
- Install TCP/IP protocol support on a computer running Windows 2000 Server or Windows 2000 Professional
Estimated lesson time: 15 minutes
Windows 2000 uses the TCP/IP protocols by default. If the operating system's Setup program detects a network interface adapter in the computer, Plug and Play identifies it, installs the appropriate network adapter driver, and installs the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), Client For Microsoft Networks, and File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks modules, as shown in Figure 11.1. However, sometimes it is necessary to install the TCP/IP protocols manually.
Figure 11.1 The Local Area Connection Properties dialog box
To manually install the TCP/IP protocols
- In the Start menu's Settings group, select Network And Dial-Up Connections to display the Network And Dial-Up Connections window, as shown in Figure 11.2.
Figure 11.2 The Network And Dial-Up Connections window
- Right-click the Local Area Connection icon in the Network And Dial-Up Connections window and select Properties from the shortcut menu to display the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box.
If the Network And Dial-Up Connections window does not have a Local Area Connection icon in it, your computer does not have a network adapter driver installed. Use the Add/Remove Hardware window, accessed from the Control Panel, to install the appropriate driver for your network adapter.
- In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, click Install to display the Select Network Component Type dialog box, shown in Figure 11.3.
Figure 11.3 The Select Network Component Type dialog box
- In the component list, select Protocol and click Add to display the Select Network Protocol dialog box, shown in Figure 11.4.
Figure 11.4 The Select Network Protocol dialog box
- In the protocol listing, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click OK. This adds the protocol module to the component list in the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box, as shown in Figure 11.5.
Figure 11.5 The Local Area Connection Properties dialog box with the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) module added
- Click Close to install the TCP/IP protocols, bind them to the client and adapter driver already installed on the computer, and copy the TCP/IP utilities to the \Winnt\System32 folder. You may have to insert your Windows 2000 distribution CD-ROM into the drive so the operating system can copy essential files to the computer.
- After the installation procedure is completed, you must reboot the computer before the new protocols are activated.
Exercise 1: Microsoft TCP/IP Client Components
Specify whether each of the following is installed as part of the Microsoft TCP/IP client.
- The DHCP client
- The WINS server
- The DNS resolver
- The DNS server
- The WINS client
- The Telnet server
- Which of the Windows 2000 Control Panel selections do you use to install the Microsoft TCP/IP client?
- When performing the TCP/IP installation procedure, what does the lack of a Local Area Connection icon indicate?
- There is no network interface adapter installed in the computer.
- There is no network interface adapter driver installed in the computer.
- The network to which the computer is connected does not support TCP/IP.
- There is no DHCP server on the network.
- Which of the following components is not installed by default during the Windows 2000 setup process when a Plug and Play network interface adapter is present in the computer?
- The NetBEUI Protocol
- The Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) module
- Client for Microsoft Networks
- File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks
- The Windows operating systems implement the TCP/IP protocol suite as a single module.
- You install support for the TCP/IP protocols in Windows 2000 using the Local Area Connections Properties dialog box.