Chapter 23. State Management in ASP.NET


ASP.NET Developer's JumpStart
By Paul D. Sheriff, Ken Getz
Table of Contents
Part III.  Web Development Techniques


  • Learn what state is and how you use it

  • Learn different methods of state management

  • Learn the advantages and disadvantages of each method

Web pages are, by definition, stateless. This means that as you move from page to page, the data from each page is automatically discarded. Because you might need data from one of these previous pages, you need to store that data (or state) as you move from one page to another. There are many techniques you can use to maintain state. Programmers today use Session variables, XML files, databases, and many other proprietary solutions.

State management capabilities are very primitive in ASP when compared to ASP.NET. In ASP, the Session object can only run in-process with the IIS server and does not have any Web farm capabilities. If you want to use a Web farm with ASP, you are forced to create some sort of COM component to store the state into a SQL Server database. You are able to use hidden input fields, but you don't get the automatic state management provided by the ViewState object, and you have to manage it all manually. Also, there are no built-in StateBag objects, so any state you need to keep while on a page has to be managed in hidden input fields, and you have to handle the encryption yourself.

In this chapter, you will learn how to use the various state-management techniques in your .NET Web applications. You will see how to use the Session object, StateBag objects, and the .NET Framework to manage state across a Web farm. You will also learn the advantages and disadvantages of each of these techniques.


    ASP. NET Developer's JumpStart
    ASP.NET Developers JumpStart
    ISBN: 0672323575
    EAN: 2147483647
    Year: 2002
    Pages: 234 © 2008-2017.
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