Using HtmlTextWriter


Using HtmlTextWriter

In the preceding section, you used HtmlTextWriter within the Render method to output content. HtmlTextWriter was designed to make it easier to output formatted content that contains HTML.

When you use HtmlTextWriter , the text that you output is automatically indented. So, if you render multiple nested HTML tags, HtmlTextWriter indents each nested HTML tag correctly.

HtmlTextWriter also includes several properties and methods that make it easier to output HTML content. The following is a partial list of the methods of HtmlTextWriter :

  • AddAttribute ” Adds an HTML attribute that is rendered with a tag when the RenderBeginTag method is called; for example, Color ="Red"

  • AddStyleAttribute ” Adds a Style attribute that is rendered with a tag when the RenderBeginTag method is called; for example, Style="Font:Arial;"

  • RenderBeginTag ” Renders an opening HTML tag with attributes; for example, <Font>

  • RenderEndTag ” Renders the closing HTML tag for the last tag opened with the RenderBeginTag method; for example, </Font>

  • Write ” Renders text

  • WriteAttribute ” Renders an attribute name and value pair; for example, Color="Red"

  • WriteBeginTag ” Renders the beginning of an HTML tag without the closing > ; for example, <Font

  • WriteFullBeginTag ” Renders a full opening HTML tag; for example, <Font>

  • WriteLine ” Renders text followed by a line terminator

  • WriteLineNoTabs ” Renders text without automatically adding tabs

  • WriteStyleAttribute ” Renders a style attribute name and value pair; for example, Style="Font:Arial;"

In the preceding section, you created a control that displays the text "Hello World!" . Suppose that you want to modify the control so that it displays the text with a green font. To do so, you could update the Render method like this:

 
 Protected Overrides Sub Render( objTextWriter As HtmlTextWriter )   Dim strText As String   strText = "<font color=""green"">Hello World!</font>"   objTextWriter.Write( strText ) End Sub 

Here, you add an HTML <font> tag with its color attribute set to the value green . Writing HTML in this manner can get messy. Notice that you must double up the quotation marks to get them to display correctly within a Visual Basic string. If the tag had multiple attributes, the situation would only be worse .

Instead of writing the HTML tags yourself, you can have HtmlTextWriter do it for you. Here's how you could rewrite the Render method, taking full advantage of the methods of HtmlTextWriter :

 
 Protected Overrides Sub Render( objTextWriter As HtmlTextWriter )   objTextWriter.AddAttribute( "color", "green" )   objTextWriter.RenderBeginTag( "font" )   objTextWriter.Write( "Hello World!" )   objTextWriter.RenderEndTag() End Sub 

When the Render method is called, the following text is output:

 
 <font color="green">Hello World!</font> 

By taking advantage of the methods of the HtmlTextWriter class, you can write code that is easier to read and maintain.

NOTE

When using the methods of HtmlTextWriter , you also have the option of using the HtmlTextWriterTag , HtmlTextWriterAttribute , and HtmlTextWriterStyle enumerations. These enumerations contain lists of standard HTML tags, attributes, and style attributes.




ASP.NET Unleashed
ASP.NET 4 Unleashed
ISBN: 0672331128
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 263

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