Delegates

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A delegate is a type that represents a pointer to a method. A delegate type defines the parameters and return type of the kind of method that it can point to. Then, a delegate instance can be constructed around the address of any compatible method. A delegate instance can be invoked just as if it were a subroutine, and it will call the method that the delegate points to. For example, the following code creates a delegate instance that points to the method Class1.S1 and then invokes it.

 Delegate Sub SubroutineDelegate(ByVal x As Integer) Class Class1   Public Sub S1(ByVal x As Integer)     MsgBox(x)   End Sub End Class Module Test   Sub Main()     Dim s1 As SubroutineDelegate     Dim t As New Class1()     s1 = New SubroutineDelegate(AddressOf t.S1)     s1(10)   End Sub End Module 

A delegate instance stores both the address of the method and the instance given when the delegate was created (if the method is not shared). Delegates can be multicast , which means that multiple delegates can be combined into a single delegate that will invoke all the methods , one at a time. The following example creates a delegate that points to both Class1.S1 and Class1.S2 . When the delegate is invoked, each method will be invoked in turn .

 Delegate Sub SubroutineDelegate(ByVal x As Integer) Class Class1   Public Sub S1(ByVal x As Integer)     MsgBox("S1: " & x)   End Sub   Public Sub S2(ByVal x As Integer)     MsgBox("S2: " & x)   End Sub End Class Module Test   Sub Main()     Dim s1, s2 As SubroutineDelegate     Dim t As New Class1()     s1 = New SubroutineDelegate(AddressOf t.S1)     s2 = New SubroutineDelegate(AddressOf t.S2)     s1 = [Delegate].Combine(s1, s2)     s1(10)   End Sub End Module 
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The Visual Basic .NET Programming Language
The Visual Basic .NET Programming Language
ISBN: 0321169514
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2004
Pages: 173
Authors: Paul Vick

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