Earlier we mentioned that additional hard disks on your system and any network-based disks are all mounted onto the filesystem in the /Volumes directory. Let's take a closer look to see how it works:
$ ls /Volumes 110GB Extra 30 Panther X $ ls -l /Volumes total 8 drwxrwxrwx 29 taylor staff 986 22 Sep 16:37 110GB drwxrwxrwx 11 taylor unknown 374 4 Sep 23:28 Extra 30 lrwxr-xr-x 1 root admin 1 23 Sep 12:30 Panther -> / drwxrwxr-t 61 root admin 2074 22 Sep 16:51 X
There are four disks available, one of which is actually the root (or boot) disk: Panther. Notice that the entry for Panther is different than the others, with the first character shown an l rather than a d . This means it's a link (see Section 4.5.6 in Chapter 4), which is confirmed by the fact that it's shown as Panther in the regular ls output, while the value of the alias is shown in the long listing (you can see that Panther actually points to /).
If you insert a CD or DVD into the system, it will also show up as a /Volumes entry:
$ ls -l /Volumes total 12 drwxrwxrwx 29 taylor staff 986 22 Sep 16:37 110GB dr-xr-xr-x 4 unknown nogroup 136 17 Aug 2001 CITIZEN_KANE drwxrwxrwx 11 taylor unknown 374 4 Sep 23:28 Extra 30 lrwxr-xr-x 1 root admin 1 23 Sep 12:30 Panther -> / drwxrwxr-t 61 root admin 2074 22 Sep 16:51 X
Plugging in an iPod and a digital camera proceeds as follows :
$ ls -l /Volumes total 44 drwxrwxrwx 29 taylor staff 986 22 Sep 16:37 110GB dr-xr-xr-x 4 unknown nogroup 136 17 Aug 2001 CITIZEN_KANE drwxrwxrwx 11 taylor unknown 374 4 Sep 23:28 Extra 30 drwxrwxrwx 1 taylor admin 16384 19 Aug 20:54 NIKON D100 lrwxr-xr-x 1 root admin 1 23 Sep 12:30 Panther -> / drwxrwxr-t 61 root admin 2074 22 Sep 16:51 X drwxr-xr-x 15 taylor unknown 510 27 Apr 09:37 Zephyr
Zephyr is the name of the iPod, and NIKON D100 is the camera.
Now, for a neat trick, let's use Unix commands to look at the files on Zephyr:
$ ls -F Zephyr Calendars/ Icon? Norton FS Volume Desktop DB Norton FS Data Norton FS Volume 2 Desktop DF Norton FS Index iPod_Control/
These are the files and directories on the iPod. Where's the music? Let's have a peek in iPod_Control :
$ cd Zephyr/iPod_Control/ $ ls -F Device/ Music/ iPodPrefs* iTunes/ $ ls -F iTunes DeviceInfo* iTunes Temp 3* iTunesControl* iTunesPrefs* iTunes Temp* iTunes Temp 4* iTunesDB* iTunes Temp 1* iTunes Temp 5* iTunesEQPresets* iTunes Temp 2* iTunes Temp 6* iTunesPlaylists* $ ls -F Music F00/ F02/ F04/ F06/ F08/ F10/ F12/ F14/ F16/ F18/ F01/ F03/ F05/ F07/ F09/ F11/ F13/ F15/ F17/ F19/ $ ls -F Music/F00 A Thousand Years.mp3* Moody_s Mood For Love.mp3* African Ripples.mp3* My One And Only.mp3* All The Pretty Little Ponie.mp3* My Thanksgiving.mp3* Apollo.mp3* Nucleus.mp3* Arrival.mp3* Oh_ Yes_ Take Another Guess.mp3* ...
So you can see the disk structure the iPod uses and it's completely Unix-friendly: music is stored in the iPod_Control/Music directory, and split into directories called F00 through F19 .  Within each directory is a set of audio files (mp3, AIFF, AAC, etc.). You can even copy them using the commands we'll discuss in the next chapter. The iPod maintains a difficult-to-manipulate index of the audio files, so you can't add music to your iPod as easily. However, you can make directories in other areas of your iPod and copy files into them, using your iPod as a portable hard drive.