In 2000, Microsoft, Bosch, Panasonic, Hitachi, Alpine, Increment-P (Pioneer), Telcontar, MobileGIS, Navigation Technologies, VDO Siemens, and Tele Atlas formed the MAGIC Services Initiative. The MAGIC Services Initiative is the first major effort to develop a common API, architecture, and XML-based service delivery protocol for the full range of LBMS. Version 1.0 of the MAGIC Services Specification was published early in 2001 and an update, Version 2.0 was approved in early 2002. The main difference between 1.0 and 2.0 is the adoption of XML-encoded request and response message units to carry information between client and server. Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) was selected as an over-the-wire packaging structure. A wide range of transports is possible including HTTP, SMTP, and TCP/IP. MAGIC Services Protocol Version 2.0 (MSP 2.0) is fully compatible with the Microsoft .NET framework. It is possible to build applications very quickly with Microsoft Visual Studio .NET, using the development environment and automated proxy code generation via web references to the MAGIC Services definitions in WSDL at http://www.MAGICServicesForum.org/Registry/Interfaces/.