Windows 2000 has tools and technologies to simplify administration of computers in your network. Terminal Services provides access to Windows 2000 and the latest Windows-based applications for client computers. It also allows system administrators to remotely administer network resources. In addition, Windows 2000 provides the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), which allows you to monitor and communicate status information from SNMP agents to network management software. In this lesson, you learn how to use Terminal Services and SNMP to better manage and monitor your network.
After this lesson, you will be able to
Estimated lesson time: 25 minutes
With Windows 2000, you can administer computers and services on your network either locally or remotely. Remote administration means using one computer to connect to another computer on a network for management purposes. Windows 2000 allows you to perform administration tasks for all computers on a network centrally, rather than at each computer's physical location. You can either use third-party management systems or use some of the tools and methods that Windows 2000 provides for remote administration.
When you enable Terminal Services on a Windows 2000 Server, you either select Remote Administration or Application Server mode, as illustrated in Figure 12.22.
Figure 12.22 Selecting a mode for Terminal Services
Application Server mode allows you to deploy and manage applications from a central location. You can deploy a Windows 2000 interface as well as applications to computers that cannot run Windows 2000. Because Terminal Services is integrated into the Windows 2000 server products, you can run your applications on the server, and provide the user interface to clients that cannot run Windows 2000, such as Windows 3.11 or Windows CE computers connected to a terminal server.
Terminal Services also offers a Remote Administration mode that allows you to access, manage, and troubleshoot clients. Remote Administration mode allows you to remotely administer Windows 2000 servers over any TCP/IP connection, including remote access, Ethernet, the Internet, wireless, WAN, or a VPN. You can install Terminal Services from the Windows Components dialog box of the Add/Remove Programs applet in Control Panel, as illustrated in Figure 12.23.
Figure 12.23 Terminal Services option
Although a Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) connection is configured automatically when Terminal Services is installed, you can use another procedure to make a new connection. Only one RDP connection can be configured for each network adapter in a Terminal server; however, you can configure additional connections using RDP if you install a network adapter for each connection on your computer.
Follow these steps to install a network adapter:
The Terminal Services Connection wizard appears.
Terminal Services allows a maximum of two concurrent Remote Administration connections that do not require licenses. A negligible amount of disk space, memory, and configuration for Terminal Services clients is required.
Follow these steps to allow a Terminal Server client computer to log on to a Windows 2000 Terminal Server:
Figure 12.24 Allowing logon to the terminal server
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a network-management protocol frequently used in TCP/IP networks to monitor and manage computers and other devices (such as printers) connected to the network. SNMP can be installed and used on any computer running Windows 2000 and TCP/IP or IPX/SPX.
Follow these steps to install the SNMP service:
The Windows Component wizard appears.
The Management And Monitoring Tools dialog box appears.
The Windows Component wizard installs SNMP.
SNMP is comprised of management systems and agents. A management system is any computer running SNMP management software. Although Windows 2000 does not include a management system, many third-party products such as Sun Net Manager or HP Open View are available. A management system requests information from an agent.
As illustrated in Figure 12.25, an agent is any computer running SNMP agent software, such as a Windows 2000-based computer, router, or hub. The Microsoft SNMP service is SNMP agent software. The primary function of an agent is to perform operations that a management system calls for.
Figure 12.25 SNMP agents
The SNMP agent component also allows a Windows 2000 computer to be administered remotely. The only operation initiated by an agent is called a trap. A trap is a message sent by an agent to a management system indicating that an event has occurred on the host running the agent. As illustrated in Figure 12.26, the SNMP management software application does not have to run on the same computer as the SNMP agents.
Figure 12.26 SNMP management system and agent
If you have installed a DHCP server, Internet Information Server, or WINS server software on a Windows 2000-based computer on the network, you can monitor these services by using an SNMP manager program. In addition, you can use Performance Monitor to examine TCP/IP-related performance counters. When you install the SNMP service, TCP/IP performance counters become available in System Monitor. The TCP/IP objects that are added include ICMP, TCP, IP, UDP, DHCP, WINS, FTP, Network Interface, and Internet Information Server. As illustrated in Figure 12.27, Performance Monitor counts
Figure 12.27 Monitoring TCP/IP objects with System Monitor
Windows 2000 provides two tools that can be used to remotely administer your system. These tools are Terminal Services and SNMP.
Terminal Services offers a Remote Administration mode that allows you to access, manage, and troubleshoot clients. Remote Administration mode allows you to remotely administer Windows 2000 servers over any TCP/IP connection.
SNMP is a network-management protocol widely used in TCP/IP networks. It can be used to communicate between a management program run by an administrator and the network-management agent running on a host or gateway. You can also use SNMP to monitor and control remote hosts and gateways on an internetwork. The Windows 2000 SNMP service allows a Windows 2000 computer to be monitored remotely. The SNMP service can handle requests from one or more hosts, and it can also report network-management information to one or more hosts, in discrete blocks of data called traps. When you install the SNMP service, TCP/IP performance counters become available in System Monitor.