You want to find the domain controllers that are acting as one of the FSMO roles.
126.96.36.199 Using a graphical user interface
For the Schema Master:
For the Domain Naming Master:
For the PDC Emulator, RID Master, and Infrastructure Master:
188.8.131.52 Using a command-line interface
In the following command, you can leave out the /Domain <DomainDNSName> option to query the domain you are currently logged on.
> netdom query fsmo /Domain:<DomainDNSName>
For some reason, this command returns a "The parameter is incorrect" error on Windows Server 2003. Until that is resolved, you can use the dsquery server command shown here, where <Role> can be schema, name, infr, pdc, or rid:
> dsquery server -hasfsmo <Role>
184.108.40.206 Using VBScript
' This code prints the FSMO role owners for the specified domain. ' ------ SCRIPT CONFIGURATION ------ strDomain = "<DomainDNSName>" ' e.g. emea.rallencorp.com ' ------ END CONFIGURATION --------- set objRootDSE = GetObject("LDAP://" & strDomain & "/RootDSE") strDomainDN = objRootDSE.Get("defaultNamingContext") strSchemaDN = objRootDSE.Get("schemaNamingContext") strConfigDN = objRootDSE.Get("configurationNamingContext") ' PDC Emulator set objPDCFsmo = GetObject("LDAP://" & strDomainDN) Wscript.Echo "PDC Emulator: " & objPDCFsmo.fsmoroleowner ' RID Master set objRIDFsmo = GetObject("LDAP://cn=RID Manager$,cn=system," & strDomainDN) Wscript.Echo "RID Master: " & objRIDFsmo.fsmoroleowner ' Schema Master set objSchemaFsmo = GetObject("LDAP://" & strSchemaDN) Wscript.Echo "Schema Master: " & objSchemaFsmo.fsmoroleowner ' Infrastructure Master set objInfraFsmo = GetObject("LDAP://cn=Infrastructure," & strDomainDN) Wscript.Echo "Infrastructure Master: " & objInfraFsmo.fsmoroleowner ' Domain Naming Master set objDNFsmo = GetObject("LDAP://cn=Partitions," & strConfigDN) Wscript.Echo "Domain Naming Master: " & objDNFsmo.fsmoroleowner
Several Active Directory operations are sensitive, such as updating the schema, and therefore, need to be done on a single domain controller. Active Directory cannot guarantee the proper evaluation of these functions in a situation where they may be invoked from more than one DC. The FSMO mechanism is used to limit these functions to a single DC.
There are five designated FSMO roles that correspond to these sensitive functions. A FSMO role can apply either to an entire forest or to a specific domain. Each role is stored in the fSMORoleOwner attribute on various objects in Active Directory depending on the role. Table 3-4 contains a list of FSMO roles.
220.127.116.11 Using VBScript
If you want to get the DNS name for each FSMO, you'll need to get the parent object of the nTDSDSA object and use the dNSHostName attribute, similar to Recipe 3.8. The code for getting the Schema Master could be changed to the following to retrieve the DNS name of the DC:
set objSchemaFsmo = GetObject("LDAP://cn=Schema,cn=Configuration," & strForestDN) set objSchemaFsmoNTDS = GetObject("LDAP://" & objSchemaFsmo.fsmoroleowner) set objSchemaFsmoServer = GetObject(objSchemaFsmoNTDS.Parent) Wscript.Echo "Schema Master: " & objSchemaFsmoServer.Get("dNSHostName")
3.25.4 See Also
MS KB 197132 (Windows 2000 Active Directory FSMO Roles), MS KB 223346 (FSMO Placement and Optimization on Windows 2000 Domain Controllers), MS KB 234790 (HOW TO: Find Servers That Hold Flexible Single Master Operations Roles), and MS KB 324801 (HOW TO: View and Transfer FSMO Roles in Windows Server 2003)