Appendix G Glossary of Acronyms

2D-VLC

two-dimensional variable length code

3D-VLC

three-dimensional variable length code

AAL

ATM adaptation layer

ABT

adaptive block transform

ATM

asynchronous transfer mode

BD

boundary difference

BISDN

broadband ISDN

BMA

block matching algorithm

CABAC

context-based adaptive arithmetic coding

CAT

category

CBP

coded block pattern

CBR

constant bit rate

Cb, Cr(u, v)

chrominance components

CCF

cross correlation function

CCIR

International Radio Consultative Committee (now called ITU)

CIF

common intermediate format

DCT

discrete cosine transform

DIFF

difference between DC coefficients

DPCM

differential pulse code modulation

DSCQS

double stimulus continuous quality score

DSIS

double stimulus impairment scale

DSM

digital storage media

DTS

decoding time stamp

DVD

digital versatile (video) disc

DWT

discrete wavelet transform

EBCOT

embedded block coding with optimised truncation

ELNUM

enhancement layer number

EOB

end of block

EZW

embedded zero tree

FFT

fast Fourier transform

FLC

fixed length code

FR-TV

full reference TV

FSM

full search method

GOB

group of blocks

GOP

group of pictures

HBMA

hierarchical block matching algorithm

HDTV

high definition television

HVS

human visual system

ICT

irreversible colour transform

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

INTER

interframe

INTRA

intraframe

IDCT

inverse DCT

IP

internet protocol

IQ, Q-1

inverse quantiser

ISDN

integrated services digital network

ISO

International Standards Organisation

ITC, TC-1

inverse transform

ITU-T

International Telecommunication Union (telegraphy section)

JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group

L(Y)

luminance component

LAN

local area network

LIP

list of insignificant pixels

LIS

list of insignificant set

LPF

lowpass filter

LSB

least significant bit

LSP

list of significant pixels

MAE

mean absolute error

MB

macroblock

MC

motion compensation

MCBPC

combined macroblock and coded block pattern

MCU

multipoint control unit

ME

motion estimation

MOS

mean opinion score

MPEG

Motion Picture Experts Group

MSB

most significant bit

MSE

mean-squared error

MV

motion vector

MVD

motion vector data

MVDB

motion vector data for B-pictures

MVDS

motion vector data for shape

NAL

network adaptation layer

NR-TV

no reference TV

NTSC

National Television System Committee

OFDM

orthogonal frequency division multiplex

PAL

phase alternate line

PBP

priority break point

PCRD

post compression rate distortion

PES

packetised elementary stream

PSNR

peak signal-to-noise ratio

PSTN

public switched telephone network

PTS

presentation time reference

Q

quantiser

QCIF

quarter of CIF

RCT

reversible colour transform

RGB

red, green and blue colour primaries

RLNUM

reference layer number

RM

reference model

ROI

region of interest

RR-TV

reduced reference TV

RTP

real time transport protocol

RVLC

reversible variable length code

SAC

syntax-based arithmetic coding

SECAM

sequential couleur avec memoire

SIF

source input format

SOT

special orientation tree

SPIHT

set partitioning in hierarchical tree

SSCQE

single stimulus continuous quality evaluation

ST

statistical table

STC

systems time clock

subQCIF

one ninth of CIF

TC

transform coding

TM

test model

UBR

unspecified bit rate

VBR

variable bit rate

VCL

video coding layer

VCR

video cassette recorder

VLC

variable length code

VLD

variable length decode

WT

weighting table



Standard Codecs(c) Image Compression to Advanced Video Coding
Standard Codecs: Image Compression to Advanced Video Coding (IET Telecommunications Series)
ISBN: 0852967101
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2005
Pages: 148
Authors: M. Ghanbari

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