Recipe 15.5. Enabling and Disabling a User Account


Problem

You want to enable or disable a user.

Solution

Using a graphical user interface

For a local account, do the following:

  1. Open the Computer Management snap-in (compmgmt.msc).

  2. In the left pane, expand Local Users and Groups and click on Users.

  3. In the right pane, double-click the account you want to enable/disable.

  4. To disable the user, check the box beside Account is disabled. To enable the account, uncheck the box.

  5. Click OK.

For a domain account, do the following:

  1. Open the Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in (dsa.msc).

  2. In the left pane, right-click on the domain and select Find.

  3. Select the appropriate domain beside In.

  4. Type the name of the user beside Name and click Find Now.

  5. In the Search Results, right-click on the user and select Enable Account to enable or Disable Account to disable.

  6. Click OK.

Using a command-line interface

Use the net user command to enable or disable local users. The following command enables a user:

> net user <UserName> /active:y

The following command disables the rallen user:

> net user rallen /active:n

To enable a user in Active Directory, use the following command:

> dsmod user <UserDN> -disabled no

For example:

> dsmod user cn=rallen,cn=users,dc=rallencorp,dc=com -disabled no

To disable a user in Active Directory, use the following command:

> dsmod user <UserDN> -disabled yes

Using VBScript
' This code enables or disables a user on a computer. ' ------ SCRIPT CONFIGURATION ------ ' Set to FALSE to disable account or TRUE to enable account strDisableAccount = FALSE strUserName = "<UserName>" ' e.g. rallen strComputer = "<ComputerName>" ' ------ END CONFIGURATION --------- set objUser = GetObject("WinNT://" & strComputer & "/" & strUserName) if objUser.AccountDisabled = TRUE then    WScript.Echo "Account for " & objUser.Name & " currently disabled"    if strDisableAccount = FALSE then       objUser.AccountDisabled = strDisableAccount       objUser.SetInfo       WScript.Echo "Account enabled"    end if else    WScript.Echo "Account currently enabled"    if strDisableAccount = TRUE then       objUser.AccountDisabled = strDisableAccount       objUser.SetInfo       WScript.Echo "Account disabled"    end if end if ' This code enables or disables a user in Active Directory. ' ------ SCRIPT CONFIGURATION ------ ' Set to FALSE to disable account or TRUE to enable account strDisableAccount = FALSE   strUserDN = "<UserDN>" ' e.g. cn=jsmith,cn=Users,dc=rallencorp,dc=com ' ------ END CONFIGURATION --------- set objUser = GetObject("LDAP://" & strUserDN) if objUser.AccountDisabled = TRUE then    WScript.Echo "Account for " & objUser.Get("cn") & " currently disabled"    if strDisableAccount = FALSE then       objUser.AccountDisabled = strDisableAccount       objUser.SetInfo       WScript.Echo "Account enabled"    end if else    WScript.Echo "Account currently enabled"    if strDisableAccount = TRUE then       objUser.AccountDisabled = strDisableAccount       objUser.SetInfo       WScript.Echo "Account disabled"    end if end if

Discussion

A user's account status dictates whether she can log on to a system. When an account is disabled, the user is not allowed to log on to a workstation or access Active Directory controlled resources. Much like the lockout status, the account status for Active Directory accounts is stored as a flag in the userAccountControl attribute (see Recipe 15.7).

Using VBScript

There is an IADsUser::AccountDisabled property that allows you to determine and change the account status of a user. Set the method to FALSE to enable an account or to TRUE to disable it.

See Also

Recipe 15.7 for more on the userAccountControl attribute



Windows XP Cookbook
Windows XP Cookbook (Cookbooks)
ISBN: 0596007256
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2006
Pages: 408

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