1.3 Coordinating efforts to improve security

 < Day Day Up > 

To enable government agencies to coordinate better all of the efforts needed to improve security, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was formed is the United States. Agencies from several U.S. government departments were brought together under DHS. The agencies of DHS are organized under four major directorates: Border and Transportation Security, Emergency Preparedness and Response, Science and Technology (S&T), and Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection.

The Border and Transportation Security Directorate brings together the major border security and transportation operations, including:

  • The U.S. Customs Service (from the Department of the Treasury)

  • The Immigration and Naturalization Service (from the DOJ)

  • The Federal Protective Service (from the GSA)

  • The Transportation Security Administration (from the Department of Transportation)

  • Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (from the Department of the Treasury)

  • Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (from the Department of Agriculture)

  • Office for Domestic Preparedness (from the DOJ)

The Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate oversees domestic-disaster-preparedness training and coordinates government disasterresponse; it includes:

  • The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

  • Strategic National Stockpile and the National Disaster Medical System (from the Department of Health and Human Services)

  • Nuclear Incident Response Team (from the Department of Energy)

  • Domestic Emergency Support Teams (from the DOJ)

  • National Domestic Preparedness Office (from the FBI)

The S&T Directorate has the mission of utilizing scientific and technological advantages to improve security and includes:

  • CBRN Countermeasures Programs (from the Department of Energy)

  • Environmental Measurements Laboratory (from the Department of Energy)

  • National BW Defense Analysis Center (from the Department of Defense)

  • Plum Island Animal Disease Center (from the Department of Agriculture)

The Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Directorate analyzes intelligence and information from other agencies (including the CIA, FBI, DIA, and NSA) involving security threats and evaluates vulnerabilities in the nation's infrastructure. The directorate includes:

  • Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office (from the Department of Commerce)

  • Federal Computer Incident Response Center (from the GSA)

  • National Communications System (from the Department of Defense)

  • National Infrastructure Protection Center (from the FBI)

  • Energy Security and Assurance Program (from the Department of Energy)

The Secret Service and the Coast Guard will also be located in DHS. They will remain intact and report directly to the secretary of homeland security. In addition, the INS adjudications and benefits programs will report directly to the deputy secretary as the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services.

 < Day Day Up > 

Implementing Homeland Security for Enterprise IT
Implementing Homeland Security for Enterprise IT
ISBN: 1555583121
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2003
Pages: 248

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