Section 12.2. AJAX Reliance Scale

12.2. AJAX Reliance Scale

You can use AJAX such that it's 100 percent optional, and your application will be just fine with JavaScript turned off. This type of AJAX usage is usually accomplished by developing an application and then adding small amounts of JavaScript to enhance specific functions. JavaScript behaviors are a great technique to use in this approach. At the opposite end of the spectrum, you have a pure AJAX application; in a case like this, the back-end Web server provides only a set of services (such as creating users, listing tickets, and so on). The entire user interface and the logic that drives it are built in JavaScript. A Web application with AJAX enhancement follows the normal Web pattern; forms post like normal to the server and pages reload on a regular basis. An AJAX application breaks out of that mode: The site is loaded once, and from that point on, all interaction with the server is controlled by JavaScript, with requests being made as needed and the DOM being updated as well.

These two styles of AJAX development create two ends of a scale. Although both these approaches have their merits, most applications won't fit neatly into either of the categories. Instead, you'll have a mix somewhere in the middle; an enhanced application will add features such as user selection that work only with AJAX support, but other functions will submit like normal. You might also have a page with few normal reloads. It will not quite fit into the AJAX application structure because the majority of the logic rests on the back-end server.

One important item to remember is that although applications can exist all along the scale, you'll have a hard time moving an application from one end to the other. If your design is structured around server-side logic, you can easily make features that require AJAX optional again by providing non-AJAX versions of them. However, you might have a tough time getting rid of all the page reloads, because you'll find yourself having a large amount of duplicated client and server logic that will be hard to keep in sync. Making a completely AJAX-driven application not rely on AJAX communications will offer these same types of problems, because you'll have to duplicate large amounts of logic on the server to make the switch. If you're making a mixed application, you won't have this problem, because moving small features that cause normal refreshes to an AJAX request will be easy. An AJAX reliance scale with a number of AJAX applications placed on it is shown in Figure 12-1.

Figure 12-1. AJAX reliance scale

The trouble ticket system built in this chapter will rely on AJAX for server communication needs past the original page load. This puts the application at the far right of the scale, with applications like Mp3act, which is described in Chapter 4, "Adding AJAX to Your Web Development Process." Heavy reliance like this can make supporting old browsers extremely difficult, but old browser support isn't usually needed for internal applications, so this isn't an issue for the trouble-ticket system.

Understanding AJAX(c) Using JavaScript to Create Rich Internet Applications
Understanding AJAX: Using JavaScript to Create Rich Internet Applications
ISBN: 0132216353
EAN: 2147483647
Year: N/A
Pages: 154

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