12.12. Numerical Libraries

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12.11. Interesting and Important Libraries

Table 12-1 lists some significant libraries included with Mac OS X, while Table 12-2 lists some significant libraries that do not come with Mac OS X but may be available through Fink (Chapter 13) or DarwinPorts (Chapter 14).

Table 12-1. Important Mac OS X libraries

Library

Description

Headers

libalias

A packet aliasing library for masquerading and network address translation

Not included in Mac OS X; see the network_cmds module in the Darwin CVS archive

libBSDPClient

BSDP client library

Not included in Mac OS X

libBSDPServer

BSDP server library

Not included in Mac OS X

libl.a

The lex runtime library

Not applicable; lexical analyzers that you generate with lex have all the necessary definitions

libMallocDebug

A library for the MallocDebug utility (/Developer/ Applications)

Not applicable; you don't need to do anything special with your code to use this utility

libSaturn

A library for the Saturn utility (/Developer/ Applications)

Saturn.h

libamber

A library for the amber utility

amber.h

libbsm

Basic security library

/usr/include/bsm/libbsm.h

libedit

Replacement for readline library.

libreadline is provided as a symbolic link to libedit.

histedit.h

libxslt

XSLT C library, based on the libxml2 XML C developed for the GNOME project

/usr/include/lib/xslt/xslt.h

libexslt

Provides extensions to XSLT functions

/usr/include/lib/exslt/exslt.h

libfl

Font library

Not included in Mac OS X

libform

Forms library

form.h

Libncurses

(libcurses is available for backward compatibility.)

The new curses screen library, a set of functions for controlling a terminal's display screen

/usr/include/ncurses.h (curses.h is available for backward compatibility)

libicucore

International Components for Unicode library

Not included in Mac OS X

libiodbc, libiodbcinst,

Intrinsic Open Database Connectivity library

iodbcext.h, iodbcinst.h, iodbcunix.h

libipsec

IPsec library

/usr/include/netinet6/ipsec.h

liblber

lber library

lber.h

libltdl

GNU ltdl system independent dlopen wrapper for GNU libtool

ltdl.h

libmenu

Menus library

menu.h

libmx

Math library with support for long double and complex APIs

math.h

libobjc

The library for the GNU Objective-C compiler

/usr/include/objc/*

libpcap

Packet capture library

/usr/include/pcap*

libssl and libcrypto

An open source toolkit implementing Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Versions 2 and 3, Transport Layer Security (TLS) Version 1 protocols and a full-strength, general-purpose cryptography library

/usr/include/openssl/*

libtcl

The Tcl runtime library

/usr/include/tcl.h

liby.a

The yacc runtime library

Not applicable; parsers that you generate with yacc have all the necessary definitions

libz

A general-purpose data-compression library (Zlib)

zlib.h

libbz2

Compression of files

bzlib.h

libpoll

System V poll(2) poll library

poll.h

libiconv

Character set conversion library

iconv.h

libcharset

Character set determination library

libcharset.h

libcups

Common Unix Printing System (CUPS)

Not available

libcurl

Command-line tool for file transfer

/usr/include/curl/*

libgimpprint

Print plug-in, Ghostscript and CUPS driver

Not available

libncurses

Free software emulation of System V curses

ncurses.h, which is a symbolic link to curses.h

libpam

Interface library for the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM)

/usr/include/pam/*

libpanel

Panel stack extension for curses

panel.h

libxml2

XML parsing library, Version 2

/usr/include/libxml2/*

libruby

Interpreted object-oriented scripting language

/usr/lib/ruby/1.6/powerpc-darwin7.0 /*

libtcl

Tcl scripting language

tcl.h

libtk

Graphical companion to Tcl

tk.h

libwrap

TCP wrappers; monitors and filters incoming requests for TCP-based services

tcpd.h

freetype2

TrueType font rendering library, Version 2

/usr/X11R6/include/freetype2/*


Table 12-2. Libraries not included with Mac OS X

Fink package

Description

Home page

aalib

ASCII art library

http://aa-project.sourceforge.net/aalib

db3

Berkeley DB embedded database

http://www.sleepycat.com/

db4

Berkeley DB embedded database

http://www.sleepycat.com/

dtdparser

Java DTD Parser

http://www.wutka.com/dtdparser.html

expat

C library for parsing XML

http://expat.sf.net

fnlib

Font rendering library for X11

http://www.enlightenment.org/

freetype

TrueType font rendering library, Version 1

http://www.freetype.org/

gc

General-purpose garbage collection library

http://www.hpl.hp.com/personal/Hans_ Boehm/gc/

gd

Graphics generation library

http://www.boutell.com/gd/

gdal

Translator for raster geospatial data formats

http://www.remotesensing.org/gdal/

gdbm

GNU dbm

http://www.gnu.org

giflib

GIF image format handling library, LZW- enabled version

http://prtr-13.ucsc.edu/~badger/software/ libungif/

glib

Low-level library that supports GTK+ and GNOME

http://www.gtk.org/

gmp

GNU multiple precision arithmetic library

http://www.swox.com/gmp/

gnomelibs

GNOME libraries

http://www.gnome.org

gnujaxp

Basic XML processing in Java

http://www.gnu.org/software/classpathx/jaxp

gtk

GTK+, the GIMP widget toolkit used by GNOME

http://www.gtk.org/

hermes

Optimized pixel format conversion library

http://www.canlib.org/hermes/

imlib

General image handling library

http://www.enlightenment.org/pages/imlib2. html

libdivxdecore

OpenDivX codec

http://www.projectmayo.com/projects/detail. php?projectId=4

libdnet

Networking library

http://libdnet.sourceforge.net/

libdockapp

Library that eases the creation of WindowMaker Dock applets

ftp://shadowmere.student.utwente.nl/pub/ WindowMaker/

libdv

Software decoder for DV format video

http://www.sourceforge.net/projects/libdv/

libfame

Fast assembly MPEG encoding library

http://fame.sourceforge.net/

libghttp

HTTP client library

http://www.gnome.org/

libjconv

Japanese code conversion library

http://www.kondara.org/libjconv/index.html. en

libjpeg

JPEG image format handling library

http://www.ijg.org/

libmpeg

GIMP MPEG library

http://www.gimp.org

libmusicbrainz

Client library for the MusicBrainz CD Index

http://www.musicbrainz.org

libnasl

Nessus Attack Scripting Language

http://www.nessus.org/

libnessus

Libraries package for Nessus without SSL support

http://www.nessus.org/

libole2

Library for the OLE2 compound file format

http://www.gnome.org/

libproplist

Routines for string list handling

http://www.windowmaker.org/

libshout

Library for streaming to icecast

http://developer.icecast.org/libshout/

libsigc++

Callback system for widget libraries

http://developer.icecast.org/libshout/

libstroke

Translates mouse strokes to program commands

http://www.etla.net/libstroke/

libtiff

TIFF image format library

http://www.libtiff.org/

libungif

GIF image format handling library, LZW-free version

http://prtr-13.ucsc.edu/~badger/software/ libungif/index.shtml

libunicode

Low-level Unicode processing library

http://www.sourceforge.net/projects/ libunicode/

libwww

General-purpose Web API written in C for Unix and Windows

http://www.w3c.org/Library/Distribution.html

libxml

XML parsing library

http://www.gnome.org/

libxml++

C++ interface to the libxml2 XML parsing library

http://sourceforge.net/projects/libxmlplusplus/

libxpg4

Locale-enabling preload library

http://www.darwinfo.org/devlist. php3?number=9143

log4j

Library that helps the programmer output log statements to a variety of output targets

http://jakarta.apache.org/log4j

lzo

Real-time data compression library

http://www.oberhumer.com/opensource/lzo

neon

HTTP/WebDAV client library with a C API

http://www.webdav.org/neon/

netpbm

Graphics manipulation programs and libraries

http://netpbm.sourceforge.net

pcre

Perl Compatible Regular Expressions library

http://www.pcre.org

pdflib

A library for generating PDFs

http://www.pdflib.com/pdflib

pil

The Python Imaging Library; adds image-processing capabilities to Python

http://www.pythonware/products/pil

pilot-link

Palm libraries

http://www.pilot-link.org/

popt

Library for parsing command-line options

http://www.gnu.org/directory/popt.html

pth

Portable library that provides scheduling

http://www.gnu.org/software/pth/pth.html

readline

Terminal input library

http://cnswww.cns.cwru.edu/~chet/readline/ rltop.html

slang

Embeddable extension language and console I/O library

http://space.mit.edu/~davis/slang/

stlport

ANSI C++ standard library implementation

http://www.stlport.org/


The list of available libraries is ever-growing, thanks to an influx of open source ports from FreeBSD and Linux. One of the best ways to keep on top of the latest ports is to install Fink or DarwinPorts (see Chapters 13 and 14, respectively), which lets you install precompiled versions of libraries and applications or install them from source.

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    Mac OS X Tiger for Unix Geeks
    Mac OS X Tiger for Unix Geeks
    ISBN: 0596009127
    EAN: 2147483647
    Year: 2006
    Pages: 176

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