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1.3. The Three Window Views
You can view the files and folders in a desktop window in any of three ways: as icons; as a single, tidy list; or in a series of neat
Every window remembers its view settings independently. You might prefer to look over your Applications folder in list view (because it's crammed with files and folders), but you may prefer to view the less
To switch a window from one view to another, just click one of the three corresponding icons in the window's toolbar, as shown in Figure 1-12.
You can also switch views by choosing View as Icons (or View as Columns, or View as List), which can be handy if youve hidden the toolbar. Or, for less mousing and more hardbodied efficiency, press -1, -2, or -3 for icon, list, or column view, respectively.
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1.4. Icon View
In an icon view, every file, folder, and disk is represented by a small picturean
1.4.1. Icon View Options
Mac OS X offers a number of useful icon view options, all of which are worth exploring. Start by opening any icon view window, and then choose View Show View Options (-J).
126.96.36.199. Choosing icon sizes
Mac OS X draws the little pictures that represent your icons using sophisticated graphics software. As a result, you (or the Mac) can scale them to almost any size without losing any quality or clarity. You can specify a new icon
In the View Options window (Figure 1-14), click one of the
Finally, drag the Icon Size slider back and forth until you find a size you like. (For added fun, make little cartoon sounds with your mouth.)
188.8.131.52. Text size
In fact, if you choose "This window only" at the top of the palette, you can actually specify a different type size for
on your machine.
Your choices range only from 10 to 16 points, and you still can't choose a different font. But for people with especially big or
184.108.40.206. Windows XPstyle labeling
In its own quiet way, this tiny, unheralded feature represents one of the most
220.127.116.11. Show item
Sounds and QuickTime movies
. The light-blue bonus line
You can see these effects
This option pertains primarily to graphics, which Mac OS X often displays only with a generic icon (stamped JPEG, TIFF, or PDF). But if you
Here's another Mac OS X luxury that other operating-system fans can only dream about: You can fill the background of any icon view window on your Mac with a certain
Color-coordinating or "wallpapering" certain windows is more than just a gimmick. In fact, it can serve as a timesaving psychological cue. Once you've gotten used to the fact that your main Documents folder has a sky-blue background, you can pick it out like a sharpshooter from a screen filled with open windows. Color-coded Finder windows are also especially easy to distinguish at a glance when you've minimized them to the Dock.
Once a window is open, choose View View Options (-J). The bottom of the resulting dialog box offers three choices, whose results are shown in Figure 1-15:
White . This is the standard option.
Color . When you click this button, you see a small rectangular button beside the word Color. Click it to open the Color Picker (Section 5.11), which you can use to choose a new background color for the window. (Unless it's April Fool's Day, pick a light color. If you choose a dark onelike blackyou won't be able to make out the lettering of the icons' names.)
Picture . If you choose this option, a Select button appears. Click it to open the Select a Picture dialog box, already open to your Library Desktop Pictures folder. Now choose a graphics fileone of Apples in the Desktop Pictures folder, or one of your own. When you click Select, you see that Mac OS X has superimposed the window's icons on the photo. As you can see in Figure 1-15, low-contrast or light-background photos work best for legibility.
Incidentally, the Mac has no idea what sizes and
In general, you can drag icons
If you'd like Mac OS X to impose a little discipline on you, however, it's easy enough to request a visit from an electronic housekeeper who tidies up your icons by aligning them neatly to an invisible grid.
Mac OS X offers an
Aligning individual icons to the grid . Press the key while dragging an icon or several highlighted icons. (Don't press the key down until after you begin to drag.)
When you release the mouse, the icons you've moved all jump into neatly aligned
Aligning all icons to the grid
. Choose View
Clean Up (if nothing is selected) or View
Clean Up Selection (if some icons are highlighted). Now all icons in the window (or those youve selected) jump to the
This is a temporary status, however. As soon as you drag icons around, or add more icons to the window, the newly moved icons wind up just as sloppily positioned as before you used the command.
If you'd rather have icons snap to the
If your status bar is showing at the top of the window, in Old Finder Mode, a small, subtle grid icon appears at its left edge to
Note, by the way, that neither of these grid-snapping commandsView
Clean Up and the "Snap to grid optionmoves icons into the most compact possible arrangement. If one or two icons have wandered off from the herd to a far corner of the window, they're merely nudged to the grid points closest to their current locations. They aren't moved all the way back to the
To make them jump back to the primary cluster, read on.
Sorting all icons for the moment
. If you choose View
As with the Clean Up command, View
Arrange By serves only to reorganize the icons in the window at this moment. Moving or adding icons in the window means youll wind up with icons out of order. If you'd rather have all icons
Sorting all icons permanently . This arrangement is the ideal solution for neat freaks who can't stand seeing icons out of place. It maintains the sorting and alignment of all icons in the window, present, and future. Now if you add more icons to the window, they jump into correct alphabetical position; if you remove icons, the remaining ones slide over to fill in the resulting gap.
To make it happen, choose View Show View Options. In the resulting dialog box, turn on the "Keep arranged by checkbox. From the pop-up menu, specify what order you want your icons to snap into. Close the window. As shown at left in Figure 1-16, your icons are now locked into sorted position, as compactly as possible.
Although it doesn't occur to most Mac users, you can also apply any of the commands described in this sectionClean Up, Arrange, Keep Arranged, and so onto icons lying loose on your desktop . Even though they don't seem to be in any window at all, you can specify small or large icons, automatic alphabetical arrangement, and so on. Just click the desktop before using the commands in the View menu.
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