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We'll use the following three scenarios in this chapter to describe how to set up the scene, sequence your shots, and frame the subject in the camera. In
Of course, not all of your video shoots will fall neatly into one of these categories; there are weddings,
1. Executive Briefing
In an executive briefing, a company executive, educational administrator, or government official is talking directly to the audience. Because the subject is speaking directly to the audience, she looks and speaks directly towards the camera ( Figure 1.1 ). As we'll discuss in more detail below, the subject is framed in the center of the image, with the eye-line approximately one-third of the way down from the top of the frame.
Figure 1.1. In the executive briefing scenario, the subject is speaking directly to the audience, so looks directly at the camcorder.
Use this scenario only when the subject is speaking directly to the audience. For example, in a person-to-person interview, the subject is speaking to and looks at the interviewer, not the camera. In terms of the videography techniques involved, a
For this and the other scenarios, I'm using images generated by Innoventive Software's FrameForge 3D Studio, a program that produces storyboards, or pictures of sequential shots to help filmmakers visualize, plan, and execute the shots in their movies. To produce this simulated camera shot, I created a virtual set we'll look at later to study subject and camera positioning. In the meantime, to learn more about FrameForge, go to www.frameforgestudio.com .
In interviews the subject responds to questions from the interviewer and looks at this person, not the camera, as shown in Figure 1.2 . Looking at the interviewer is much easier for most people, who freeze up when a video camera is pointed at their face.
Figure 1.2. During the interview, the subject should look at the interviewer, not the camera.
In this scenario, I'm
In a discussion or training scenario, two or more people are talking, and all of them are equally important to the shot. In a one-camera shoot where one of the participants is also a cameraperson (and thus can't be moving the camera around to focus on the different
The discussion scenario, with one possible configuration shown in
, is the broadest; it can
Figure 1.3. The discussion scenario, in which all participants must be on camera all the time.
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