Human Factors and Ergonomics


Human factors refers to ergonomics (from Greek "work" plus "economics," meaning efficient work), the proper design of keyboards, workstations, and mice so that they are "user friendly" to eye and mind—and physically less stressful on the user's body. The design process is generally carried out through usability tests during product development.

The discipline of human factors originated in training and development efforts during World War II. Submarine navigation and weapons systems were called "man-machine systems," meaning they involved human as well as machine "factors." For example, human factors referred to how navigators operated dials, levers, dashboards, and instrument panels, and machine factors referred to how switchboards, in turn, controlled submarines, planes, and computerized anti-aircraft gunnery. Today ergonomics is an important part of computer manufacturing as well as of the design of work stations. By extension it sometimes refers to interface design as well.

Fastpaths

1949

Alphonse Chapanis et al.: Applied Experimental Psychology: Human Factors in Engineering Design.

1957

"Human Factors Society of America" founded; later renamed "Human Factors and Ergonomics Society." See: www.HFES.org.

1981

Wesley Woodson: Human Factors Design Handbook.

1987

Gavriel Salvendy (ed.): Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics.

1989

Jack Adams: Human Factors Engineering.

1996

Thomas O'Brien and S. Charlton (editors): Handbook of Human Factors Testing and Evaluation.

1997

Christopher Wickens, Sallie Gordon, and Yili Liu: An Introduction to Human Factors Engineering.






The 30-Second Encyclopedia of Learning and Performance. A Trainer's Guide to Theory, Terminology, and Practice
The 30-Second Encyclopedia of Learning and Performance: A Trainers Guide to Theory, Terminology, and Practice
ISBN: 0814471781
EAN: 2147483647
Year: 2002
Pages: 110
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