Open Sources 2.0

book cover
Open Sources 2.0
By Danese Cooper, Chris DiBona, Mark Stone
Publisher: O'Reilly
Pub Date: October 2005
ISBN: 0-596-00802-3
Pages: 488

Table of Contents  | Index

Open Sources 2.0 is a collection of insightful and thought-provoking essays from today's technology leaders that continues painting the evolutionary picture that developed in the 1999 book Open Sources: Voices from the Revolution .

These essays explore open source's impact on the software industry and reveal how open source concepts are infiltrating other areas of commerce and society. The essays appeal to a broad audience: the software developer will find thoughtful reflections on practices and methodology from leading open source developers like Jeremy Allison and Ben Laurie, while the business executive will find analyses of business strategies from the likes of Sleepycat co-founder and CEO Michael Olson and Open Source Business Conference founder Matt Asay.

From China, Europe, India, and Brazil we get essays that describe the developing world's efforts to join the technology forefront and use open source to take control of its high tech destiny. For anyone with a strong interest in technology trends, these essays are a must-read.

The enduring significance of open source goes well beyond high technology, however. At the heart of the new paradigm is network-enabled distributed collaboration: the growing impact of this model on all forms of online collaboration is fundamentally challenging our modern notion of community.

What does the future hold? Veteran open source commentators Tim O'Reilly and Doc Searls offer their perspectives, as do leading open source scholars Steven Weber and Sonali Shah. Andrew Hessel traces the migration of open source ideas from computer technology to biotechnology, and Wikipedia co-founder Larry Sanger and Slashdot co-founder Jeff Bates provide frontline views of functioning, flourishing online collaborative communities.

The power of collaboration, enabled by the internet and open source software, is changing the world in ways we can only begin to imagine.Open Sources 2.0 further develops the evolutionary picture that emerged in the original Open Sources and expounds on the transformative open source philosophy.

book cover
Open Sources 2.0
By Danese Cooper, Chris DiBona, Mark Stone
Publisher: O'Reilly
Pub Date: October 2005
ISBN: 0-596-00802-3
Pages: 488

Table of Contents  | Index

   Foreword: Source Is Everything
   List of Contributors
    Part I:  Open Source: Competition and Evolution
          Chapter 1.  The Mozilla Project: Past and Future
      Section 1.1.  Founding of the Mozilla Organization: Obvious for Developers, a Bold Step for Management
      Section 1.2.  Young Adulthoodthe Mozilla Foundation
      Section 1.3.  The Future
          Chapter 2.  Open Source and Proprietary Software Development
      Section 2.1.  Proprietary Versus Open Source?
      Section 2.2.  Comfort
      Section 2.3.  Distributed Development
      Section 2.4.  Collaborative Development
      Section 2.5.  Software Distribution
      Section 2.6.  How Proprietary Software Development Has Changed Open Source
      Section 2.7.  Some Final Words
          Chapter 3.  A Tale of Two Standards
      Section 3.1.  The POSIX Standard
      Section 3.2.  First Implementation Past the Post
      Section 3.3.  Future Proofing
      Section 3.4.  Wither POSIX?
      Section 3.5.  The Win32 (Windows) Standard
      Section 3.6.  The Tar Pit: Backward Compatibility
      Section 3.7.  World Domination, Fast
      Section 3.8.  Wither Win32?
      Section 3.9.  Choosing a Standard
          Chapter 4.  Open Source and Security
      Section 4.1.  Many Eyes
      Section 4.2.  Open Versus Closed Source
      Section 4.3.  Digression: Threat Models
      Section 4.4.  The Future
      Section 4.5.  Interesting Projects
      Section 4.6.  Conclusion
          Chapter 5.  Dual Licensing
      Section 5.1.  Business and Politics
      Section 5.2.  Open Source: Distribution Versus Development
      Section 5.3.  A Primer on Intellectual Property
      Section 5.4.  Dual Licensing
      Section 5.5.  Practical Considerations
      Section 5.6.  Trends and the Future
      Section 5.7.  Global Development
      Section 5.8.  Open Models
      Section 5.9.  The Future of Software
          Chapter 6.  Open Source and the Commoditization of Software
      Section 6.1.  Commoditization and the IT Industry
      Section 6.2.  Decommoditization: The Failure of Open Systems
      Section 6.3.  Linux: A Response from the Trenches
      Section 6.4.  "So, How Do You Make Money from Free Software?"
      Section 6.5.  The First Business Models for Linux
      Section 6.6.  Linux Commercialization at a Crossroads
      Section 6.7.  Proprietary Linux?
      Section 6.8.  What's at Stake?
          Chapter 7.  Open Source and the Commodity Urge: Disruptive Models for a Disruptive Development Process
      Section 7.1.  Introduction
      Section 7.2.  A Brief History of Software
      Section 7.3.  A New Brand of Intellectual Property Protection
      Section 7.4.  Open Distribution, Not Source
      Section 7.5.  Open Source Business Models
      Section 7.6.  Conclusion
          Chapter 8.  Under the Hood: Open Source and Open Standards Business Models in Context
      Section 8.1.  Open Standards
      Section 8.2.  Open Source Software
      Section 8.3.  The Real Business Model
      Section 8.4.  Open Source Complements
      Section 8.5.  Open Standards Complements
      Section 8.6.  Conclusion
          Chapter 9.  Open Source and the Small Entrepreneur
      Section 9.1.  Introduction
      Section 9.2.  Freemacs and Open Source
      Section 9.3.  Freemacs and Business
      Section 9.4.  Packet Drivers
      Section 9.5.  Packet Driver Income
      Section 9.6.  Qmail
      Section 9.7.  Open Source Economics
      Section 9.8.  Where Do We Go from Here?
      Section 9.9.  For Further Reading
          Chapter 10.  Why Open Source Needs Copyright Politics
      Section 10.1.  From Movable Type to MovableType
      Section 10.2.  Copyright in Code
      Section 10.3.  Secondary Liability
      Section 10.4.  Anticircumvention
      Section 10.5.  The Threat to Research
      Section 10.6.  Technology Mandates
      Section 10.7.  What About That Media Server?
          Chapter 11.  Libre Software in Europe
      Section 11.1.  Brief Summary of an Already Long History
      Section 11.2.  The Development Community
      Section 11.3.  The Organization of the Community
      Section 11.4.  Libre Software in the Private Sector
      Section 11.5.  Public Administrations and Libre Software
      Section 11.6.  Legal Issues
      Section 11.7.  Libre Software in Education
      Section 11.8.  Research on Libre Software
      Section 11.9.  The Future Is Hard to Read....
          Chapter 12.  OSS in India
      Section 12.1.  Business
      Section 12.2.  Government
      Section 12.3.  Challenges in Local Adoption of OSS
      Section 12.4.  OSS in Education
      Section 12.5.  Conclusion
          Chapter 13.  When China Dances with OSS
      Section 13.1.  What OSS Was and Is in China
      Section 13.2.  SWOT Analysis of OSS in China
      Section 13.3.  Where OSS Is Going for China and Beyond
          Chapter 14.  How Much Freedom Do You Want?
      Section 14.1.  Livre Versus Gratis
      Section 14.2.  Background for Freedom: The Market
      Section 14.3.  Developing the Software Livre Movement
      Section 14.4.  Not About Price, but About Choice
      Section 14.5.  Choice Requires More Than Free Software
      Section 14.6.  How Java Technology Can Help
      Section 14.7.  Java Provides the Other Side of the Choice
      Section 14.8.  Walking the Path
      Section 14.9.  What to Do?
      Section 14.10.  We Are Getting There
      Section 14.11.  References
    Part II:  Beyond Open Source: Collaboration and Community
          Chapter 15.  Making a New World
          Chapter 16.  The Open Source Paradigm Shift
      Section 16.1.  Software as Commodity
      Section 16.2.  Network-Enabled Collaboration
      Section 16.3.  Customizability and Software-as-Service
      Section 16.4.  Building the Internet Operating System
      Section 16.5.  Conclusion
          Chapter 17.  Extending Open Source Principles Beyond Software Development
      Section 17.1.  How Did It Happen and How Does It Work?
      Section 17.2.  Working as a Group
      Section 17.3.  Dealing with the Disrupters
      Section 17.4.  The Difference Between Doing Legal Research in Public and Writing Software in Public
      Section 17.5.  Why and When It Works
          Chapter 18.  Open Source Biology
      Section 18.1.  The Rise of Modern Biotechnology
      Section 18.2.  Intellectual Property and Growing Challenges
      Section 18.3.  Open Source Biology
      Section 18.4.  Synthetic Biology and Genomic Programming
      Section 18.5.  The Risk of Biological Hacking
      Section 18.6.  Future Trends in Open Source Biology
          Chapter 19.  Everything Is Known
      Section 19.1.  The PACT Project
      Section 19.2.  The World Trade Center Recovery Effort
      Section 19.3.  Facilitating Emergent Collaboration
      Section 19.4.  Acknowledgments
      Section 19.5.  References
          Chapter 20.  The Early History of Nupedia and Wikipedia: A Memoir
      Section 20.1.  Some Recent Press Reports
      Section 20.2.  Nupedia
      Section 20.3.  The Origins of Wikipedia
      Section 20.4.  Wikipedia's First Few Months
      Section 20.5.  A Series of Controversies
      Section 20.6.  My Resignation and Final Few Months with the Project
      Section 20.7.  Final Attempts to Save Nupedia
      Section 20.8.  Conclusions
          Chapter 21.  Open Beyond Software
      Section 21.1.  Sports Equipment Innovation by Users and Their Communities
      Section 21.2.  Community-Based Innovation and Development: An Even Broader Phenomenon
      Section 21.3.  Reframing: Where Does Innovation Come From?
      Section 21.4.  Conclusion
      Section 21.5.  References
          Chapter 22.  Patterns of Governance in Open Source
      Section 22.1.  The Empirical Problem Set: What Are We Aiming At?
      Section 22.2.  The Theoretical Problem: How Is Knowledge Distributed?
      Section 22.3.  Design Principles for a Referee Function
      Section 22.4.  What Should We Do Differently?
          Chapter 23.  Communicating Many to Many
      Section 23.1.  The Origins of Slashdot
      Section 23.2.  Slashdot in the Early Days
      Section 23.3.  The Slashdot Effect
      Section 23.4.  Trolls, Anonymous Cowards, and Insensitive Clods
      Section 23.5.  Columbine
      Section 23.6.  Slashdot Grows Up
      Section 23.7.  September 11
      Section 23.8.  Conclusion
    Part III:  Appendixes
          Appendix A.  The Open Source Definition
      Section A.1.  The Open Source Definition, Version 1.9
          Appendix B.  Referenced Open Source Licenses
      Section B.1.  The BSD License
      Section B.2.  The GNU General Public License (GPL)
      Section B.3.  The Sleepycat License
      Section B.4.  The Creative Commons License
          Appendix C.  Columns from Slashdot
      Section C.1.  Simple Solutions
      Section C.2.  Why Kids Kill